江苏洪泽湖旱情严重

博主体验伊朗内陆航班

太原装修设计:翻脸比翻书还快!

2019年10月20日 16:26

【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【摘】【 】【要】【:】【中】【国】【的】【课】【堂】【从】【古】【至】【今】【都】【是】【一】【种】【形】【式】【,】【几】【十】【个】【学】【生】【坐】【在】【下】【面】【,】【认】【真】【地】【听】【老】【师】【讲】【解】【,】【在】【这】【个】【过】【程】【中】【追】【求】【有】【效】【的】【课】【堂】【变】【成】【了】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【一】【直】【追】【求】【的】【方】【向】【,】【让】【课】【堂】【在】【有】【有】【效】【中】【走】【进】【高】【效】【,】【我】【们】【努】【力】【的】【行】【进】【在】【这】【样】【的】【教】【育】【追】【求】【中】【。】【本】【文】【从】【三】【方】【面】【来】【进】【一】【步】【论】【述】【如】【何】【进】【行】【有】【效】【教】【学】【,】【提】【高】【教】【学】【效】【率】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【关】【键】【词】【:】【有】【效】【教】【学】【;】【学】【校】【教】【育】【;】【专】【业】【能】【力】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【中】【国】【的】【课】【堂】【从】【古】【至】【今】【都】【是】【一】【种】【形】【式】【,】【几】【十】【个】【学】【生】【坐】【在】【下】【面】【,】【认】【真】【地】【听】【老】【师】【讲】【解】【,】【在】【这】【个】【过】【程】【中】【追】【求】【有】【效】【的】【课】【堂】【变】【成】【了】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【一】【直】【追】【求】【的】【方】【向】【,】【让】【课】【堂】【在】【有】【有】【效】【中】【走】【进】【高】【效】【,】【我】【们】【努】【力】【的】【行】【进】【在】【这】【样】【的】【教】【育】【追】【求】【中】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【一】【、】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【有】【效】【性】【定】【义】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【的】【有】【效】【性】【是】【指】【课】【堂】【的】【结】【果】【与】【预】【期】【相】【吻】【合】【,】【是】【在】【一】【定】【的】【教】【学】【时】【间】【内】【,】【在】【实】【现】【基】【本】【教】【学】【目】【标】【的】【基】【础】【上】【,】【达】【到】【教】【学】【理】【念】【、】【方】【法】【、】【内】【容】【、】【交】【往】【、】【过】【程】【等】【的】【有】【效】【性】【,】【以】【较】【小】【的】【投】【入】【获】【取】【较】【大】【的】【效】【益】【,】【促】【进】【学】【生】【最】【优】【化】【的】【发】【展】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【二】【、】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【有】【效】【性】【的】【评】【定】【标】【准】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【7】【 】【世】【纪】【,】【夸】【美】【纽】【斯】【在】【他】【的】【《】【大】【教】【学】【论】【》】【中】【第】【一】【次】【提】【到】【了】【教】【育】【的】【效】【益】【问】【题】【,】【他】【关】【心】【的】【是】【用】【他】【的】【教】【学】【法】【和】【他】【主】【张】【的】【班】【级】【授】【课】【制】【度】【来】【实】【现】【“】【一】【个】【教】【师】【可】【以】【同】【时】【教】【很】【多】【学】【生】【”】【的】【期】【望】【。】【这】【可】【以】【说】【是】【课】【堂】【有】【效】【性】【的】【最】【早】【雏】【形】【。】【如】【今】【的】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【更】【注】【重】【在】【课】【堂】【的】【四】【十】【五】【分】【钟】【的】【时】【间】【内】【追】【求】【有】【效】【的】【课】【堂】【,】【让】【学】【生】【能】【够】【学】【得】【轻】【松】【,】【进】【而】【达】【到】【课】【堂】【的】【高】【效】【,】【尤】【其】【是】【对】【学】【生】【的】【思】【维】【力】【的】【训】【练】【在】【这】【样】【的】【教】【育】【追】【求】【下】【显】【得】【尤】【为】【重】【要】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【作】【为】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【有】【效】【性】【研】【究】【的】【一】【个】【结】【果】【,】【国】【外】【对】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【有】【效】【性】【标】【准】【的】【研】【究】【始】【于】【2】【0】【世】【纪】【上】【半】【叶】【。】【早】【期】【的】【研】【究】【主】【要】【是】【回】【答】【这】【样】【一】【个】【问】【题】【:】【什】【么】【样】【的】【教】【学】【时】【有】【效】【的】【教】【学】【?】【什】【么】【样】【的】【教】【师】【是】【有】【效】【教】【师】【?】【这】【时】【期】【的】【研】【究】【把】【焦】【点】【放】【在】【教】【师】【的】【人】【格】【因】【素】【上】【。】【紧】【接】【着】【,】【将】【研】【究】【的】【注】【意】【力】【放】【在】【了】【教】【师】【在】【可】【养】【教】【学】【中】【可】【能】【做】【些】【什】【么】【上】【。】【但】【是】【就】【这】【些】【研】【究】【而】【言】【,】【“】【只】【是】【将】【教】【师】【特】【征】【与】【教】【育】【结】【果】【机】【械】【项】【链】【,】【而】【几】【乎】【忽】【视】【了】【课】【堂】【实】【际】【。】【”】【然】【而】【就】【是】【这】【样】【的】【研】【究】【为】【后】【来】【的】【深】【入】【探】【讨】【奠】【定】【了】【坚】【实】【的】【基】【础】【,】【而】【且】【自】【此】【之】【后】【,】【所】【有】【的】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【有】【效】【性】【研】【究】【都】【绕】【不】【开】【教】【师】【特】【征】【这】【一】【因】【素】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【6】【0】【、】【7】【0】【年】【代】【,】【研】【究】【扩】【展】【到】【整】【个】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【活】【动】【,】【而】【不】【是】【单】【一】【的】【教】【师】【因】【素】【,】【主】【要】【关】【注】【学】【生】【的】【学】【习】【、】【交】【往】【与】【沟】【通】【、】【教】【师】【的】【教】【学】【策】【略】【和】【学】【生】【的】【学】【习】【策】【略】【。】【随】【后】【的】【研】【究】【又】【将】【教】【学】【环】【境】【、】【教】【学】【媒】【体】【考】【虑】【其】【中】【。】【基】【于】【这】【些】【研】【究】【,】【英】【美】【等】【国】【家】【制】【定】【了】【一】【系】【列】【的】【专】【业】【性】【的】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【有】【效】【性】【标】【准】【。】【其】【中】【英】【格】【兰】【和】【威】【尔】【士】【“】【教】【育】【与】【就】【业】【部】【”】【为】【教】【师】【职】【职】【前】【教】【育】【制】【定】【了】【8】【0】【0】【多】【条】【标】【准】【,】【包】【括】【:】【知】【识】【与】【理】【解】【;】【计】【划】【、】【教】【学】【和】【课】【堂】【管】【理】【;】【监】【控】【、】【评】【估】【、】【记】【录】【与】【责】【问】【;】【其】【他】【专】【业】【要】【求】【。】【这】【种】【标】【准】【是】【较】【为】【严】【谨】【和】【强】【制】【性】【的】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【相】【较】【于】【国】【外】【的】【研】【究】【,】【国】【内】【研】【究】【稍】【有】【差】【距】【:】【主】【要】【以】【提】【高】【教】【学】【效】【率】【,】【减】【轻】【学】【生】【过】【重】【的】【课】【业】【负】【担】【为】【切】【入】【点】【;】【翻】【译】【和】【介】【绍】【国】【外】【的】【理】【论】【较】【多】【,】【自】【己】【的】【创】【新】【甚】【少】【;】【超】【越】【教】【学】【技】【能】【,】【提】【倡】【教】【学】【策】【略】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【三】【、】【影】【响】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【有】【效】【性】【的】【因】【素】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【(】【一】【)】【教】【师】【是】【影】【响】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【有】【效】【性】【的】【重】【要】【因】【素】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【教】【师】【这】【个】【职】【业】【是】【一】【个】【极】【其】【特】【殊】【的】【职】【业】【,】【也】【是】【对】【人】【要】【求】【最】【高】【的】【职】【业】【,】【面】【对】【无】【数】【双】【求】【知】【的】【眼】【睛】【,】【教】【师】【的】【一】【言】【堂】【已】【经】【过】【时】【,】【我】【们】【要】【充】【分】【的】【了】【解】【每】【个】【孩】【子】【,】【包】【括】【的】【知】【识】【基】【础】【和】【接】【受】【问】【题】【的】【能】【力】【,】【甚】【至】【包】【括】【他】【们】【的】【性】【格】【特】【征】【和】【行】【为】【习】【惯】【等】【等】【,】【教】【师】【都】【要】【非】【常】【熟】【悉】【,】【这】【样】【才】【能】【够】【因】【材】【施】【教】【,】【因】【此】【教】【师】【在】【促】【进】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【有】【效】【性】【的】【进】【程】【中】【有】【着】【至】【关】【重】【要】【的】【作】【用】【。】【范】【国】【睿】【先】【生】【将】【教】【师】【的】【专】【业】【能】【力】【归】【为】【以】【下】【几】【类】【:】【1】【.】【教】【育】【教】【学】【能】【力】【;】【2】【.】【参】【与】【时】【代】【的】【意】【识】【与】【能】【力】【;】【3】【.】【促】【进】【学】【生】【发】【展】【的】【意】【识】【与】【能】【力】【;】【4】【.】【自】【我】【反】【思】【、】【自】【觉】【研】【究】【以】【及】【促】【进】【自】【身】【专】【业】【发】【展】【的】【意】【识】【与】【能】【力】【。】【可】【见】【,】【做】【一】【个】【合】【格】【的】【教】【师】【并】【不】【是】【一】【件】【容】【易】【的】【事】【情】【,】【如】【果】【只】【靠】【师】【范】【大】【学】【学】【习】【的】【那】【些】【知】【识】【是】【远】【远】【不】【够】【的】【,】【教】【师】【还】【应】【该】【有】【着】【非】【常】【强】【的】【学】【习】【力】【,】【一】【种】【综】【合】【的】【教】【育】【能】【力】【,】【如】【果】【教】【师】【不】【学】【习】【,】【只】【靠】【自】【己】【在】【大】【学】【的】【学】【习】【和】【教】【育】【的】【经】【验】【,】【每】【天】【都】【重】【复】【一】【样】【的】【教】【育】【,】【这】【样】【是】【不】【会】【取】【得】【好】【的】【教】【育】【效】【果】【的】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【教】【师】【的】【教】【育】【观】【念】【直】【接】【影】【响】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【有】【效】【性】【的】【大】【小】【;】【教】【师】【的】【思】【想】【政】【治】【道】【德】【水】【平】【即】【“】【师】【德】【”】【是】【影】【响】【教】【师】【角】【色】【的】【核】【心】【,】【正】【所】【谓】【“】【亲】【其】【师】【而】【信】【其】【道】【”】【,】【如】【何】【让】【“】【亲】【其】【师】【”】【?】【前】【提】【需】【要】【教】【师】【有】【高】【尚】【的】【“】【师】【德】【”】【;】【教】【师】【的】【智】【力】【、】【科】【学】【文】【化】【水】【平】【、】【教】【学】【能】【力】【和】【心】【态】【对】【于】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【有】【效】【性】【的】【影】【响】【不】【言】【而】【喻】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【(】【二】【)】【学】【生】【决】【定】【教】【学】【行】【为】【是】【否】【成】【功】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【皮】【亚】【杰】【的】【认】【知】【发】【展】【阶】【段】【说】【把】【儿】【童】【的】【心】【理】【发】【展】【分】【为】【:】【感】【知】【运】【动】【阶】【段】【、】【前】【运】【算】【阶】【段】【、】【具】【体】【运】【算】【阶】【段】【和】【形】【式】【运】【算】【阶】【段】【。】【在】【各】【阶】【段】【,】【学】【生】【的】【心】【理】【特】【征】【、】【个】【性】【都】【存】【在】【着】【差】【异】【。】【因】【此】【在】【教】【学】【中】【必】【须】【要】【根】【据】【学】【生】【的】【个】【性】【,】【做】【到】【因】【材】【施】【教】【。】【学】【生】【的】【学】【习】【策】【略】【是】【学】【生】【在】【学】【习】【过】【程】【中】【有】【效】【学】【习】【的】【程】【序】【、】【规】【则】【、】【方】【法】【、】【技】【巧】【及】【控】【制】【方】【式】【,】【掌】【握】【了】【这】【些】【才】【能】【使】【学】【生】【成】【为】【独】【立】【的】【、】【自】【主】【的】【、】【高】【效】【的】【学】【习】【者】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【(】【三】【)】【教】【学】【内】【容】【的】【有】【效】【性】【是】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【有】【效】【性】【的】【重】【要】【保】【障】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【9】【世】【纪】【,】【英】【国】【的】【哲】【学】【家】【和】【教】【育】【家】【斯】【宾】【塞】【提】【出】【了】【“】【什】【么】【只】【是】【最】【有】【价】【值】【”】【的】【问】【题】【,】【并】【给】【予】【的】【解】【答】【:】【“】【为】【完】【满】【生】【活】【做】【准】【备】【”】【的】【知】【识】【是】【最】【有】【价】【值】【的】【。】【而】【在】【如】【今】【知】【识】【大】【爆】【炸】【的】【时】【代】【,】【就】【存】【在】【这】【样】【的】【问】【题】【:】【生】【命】【的】【有】【限】【性】【和】【知】【识】【的】【无】【限】【性】【之】【间】【的】【矛】【盾】【。】【我】【国】【古】【代】【先】【哲】【早】【就】【有】【远】【见】【地】【提】【出】【:】【“】【授】【人】【以】【鱼】【不】【如】【授】【人】【以】【渔】【”】【,】【因】【此】【传】【授】【方】【法】【比】【传】【授】【事】【实】【更】【加】【重】【要】【。】【教】【学】【内】【容】【的】【多】【少】【也】【对】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【有】【效】【性】【有】【着】【影】【响】【,】【现】【今】【教】【师】【总】【觉】【得】【教】【得】【越】【多】【,】【学】【生】【学】【得】【越】【多】【。】【其】【实】【不】【然】【,】【教】【学】【内】【容】【要】【符】【合】【学】【生】【的】【认】【知】【水】【平】【。】【教】【学】【内】【容】【的】【多】【少】【也】【要】【符】【合】【学】【生】【的】【接】【受】【水】【平】【。】【教】【学】【内】【容】【的】【呈】【现】【方】【式】【是】【复】【杂】【多】【样】【的】【,】【不】【可】【单】【一】【,】【如】【果】【单】【一】【没】【有】【变】【化】【反】【而】【会】【制】【约】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【的】【有】【效】【性】【发】【展】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【当】【然】【,】【良】【好】【的】【教】【学】【环】【境】【也】【是】【不】【可】【忽】【视】【的】【,】【教】【师】【首】【先】【要】【做】【一】【个】【思】【考】【者】【,】【在】【自】【己】【的】【学】【习】【过】【程】【中】【逐】【渐】【的】【思】【考】【什】【么】【是】【最】【适】【合】【学】【生】【的】【教】【育】【,】【并】【且】【在】【自】【己】【时】【间】【的】【过】【程】【中】【不】【断】【的】【修】【真】【自】【己】【的】【教】【育】【教】【学】【行】【为】【,】【这】【就】【要】【求】【教】【师】【要】【有】【极】【强】【的】【学】【习】【力】【和】【反】【思】【里】【,】【只】【有】【教】【师】【心】【中】【有】【着】【对】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【的】【思】【考】【,】【只】【有】【在】【共】【同】【关】【注】【这】【些】【综】【合】【因】【素】【的】【前】【提】【之】【下】【才】【会】【真】【正】【促】【进】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【的】【有】【效】【性】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【参】【考】【文】【献】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【[】【1】【]】【高】【文】【.】【《】【现】【代】【教】【学】【的】【模】【式】【化】【研】【究】【》】【,】【山】【东】【教】【学】【出】【版】【社】【,】【2】【0】【0】【0】【.】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【[】【2】【]】【叶】【澜】【等】【.】【《】【教】【师】【角】【色】【与】【教】【师】【发】【展】【新】【探】【》】【,】【教】【育】【科】【学】【出】【版】【社】【,】【2】【0】【0】【1】【.】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【[】【3】【]】【范】【国】【睿】【.】【《】【学】【校】【管】【理】【的】【理】【论】【与】【务】【实】【》】【,】【华】【东】【师】【范】【大】【学】【出】【版】【社】【,】【2】【0】【0】【2】【.】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【[】【4】【]】【肖】【川】【.】【《】【教】【师】【的】【幸】【福】【人】【生】【与】【专】【业】【成】【长】【》】【,】【新】【华】【出】【版】【社】【,】【2】【0】【0】【8】【.】

【孩】【子】【永】【远】【分】【不】【清】【玩】【笑】【与】【取】【笑】【,】【在】【这】【样】【的】【一】【场】【争】【吵】【中】【我】【和】【达】【达】【相】【识】【,】【就】【这】【样】【我】【们】【开】【始】【一】【起】【旅】【行】【,】【从】【龙】【、】【牛】【,】【到】【小】【雪】【人】【,】【到】【僵】【尸】【,】【到】【狗】【,】【再】【到】【海】【盗】【、】【鬼】【王】【,】【直】【到】【现】【在】【闹】【钟】【,】【我】【们】【的】【旅】【行】【还】【在】【继】【续】【…】【…】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【小】【瓶】【盖】【:】【达】【达】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【达】【 】【 】【达】【:】【嗯】【?】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【小】【瓶】【盖】【:】【不】【要】【留】【下】【我】【一】【个】【人】【离】【开】【冒】【险】【,】【偷】【偷】【跑】【掉】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【达】【 】【 】【达】【:】【不】【会】【,】【我】【不】【会】【偷】【偷】【跑】【掉】【。】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【小】【瓶】【盖】【:】【那】【我】【们】【打】【勾】【勾】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【达】【 】【 】【达】【:】【嗯】【!】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【达】【 】【 】【达】【:】【小】【瓶】【盖】【,】【对】【不】【起】【,】【我】【要】【离】【开】【这】【里】【去】【外】【面】【工】【作】【了】【。】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【小】【瓶】【盖】【:】【骗】【人】【,】【你】【给】【我】【打】【过】【勾】【勾】【了】【,】【不】【会】【偷】【偷】【跑】【走】【!】【你】【骗】【人】【,】【我】【讨】【厌】【你】【!】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【达】【 】【 】【达】【:】【你】【不】【用】【害】【怕】【,】【我】【跟】【妖】【精】【玛】【丽】【祈】【祷】【,】【请】【他】【把】【你】【变】【的】【更】【勇】【敢】【,】【以】【后】【你】【一】【个】【人】【也】【不】【必】【害】【怕】【。】【以】【后】【你】【不】【要】【再】【随】【便】【生】【气】【,】【每】【次】【怕】【别】【人】【发】【现】【你】【在】【害】【怕】【,】【就】【先】【生】【气】【,】【你】【为】【什】【么】【老】【是】【带】【着】【黑】【的】【眼】【镜】【,】【这】【样】【就】【看】【不】【到】【你】【的】【眼】【睛】【了】【。】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【小】【瓶】【盖】【:】【因】【为】【看】【到】【难】【过】【的】【事】【情】【会】【哭】【,】【把】【眼】【睛】【遮】【起】【来】【就】【看】【不】【到】【眼】【睛】【了】【,】【这】【样】【你】【就】【看】【不】【到】【我】【哭】【的】【样】【子】【了】【。】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【达】【 】【 】【达】【:】【小】【瓶】【盖】【,】【如】【果】【以】【后】【有】【人】【笑】【你】【的】【话】【,】【你】【就】【把】【头】【台】【高】【高】【,】【勇】【敢】【地】【看】【回】【去】【,】【这】【样】【他】【们】【就】【知】【道】【你】【不】【怕】【,】【以】【后】【他】【们】【就】【不】【敢】【笑】【你】【了】【,】【你】【可】【以】【的】【,】【你】【不】【要】【哭】【,】【哭】【的】【话】【,】【你】【就】【看】【不】【到】【彩】【虹】【有】【多】【美】【丽】【,】【还】【有】【蝴】【蝶】【、】【花】【。】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【小】【瓶】【盖】【:】【你】【不】【在】【,】【我】【不】【要】【一】【个】【人】【看】【彩】【虹】【看】【蝴】【蝶】【,】【它】【们】【怎】【么】【看】【都】【看】【不】【漂】【亮】【。】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【达】【 】【 】【达】【:】【说】【不】【定】【我】【去】【工】【作】【的】【地】【方】【也】【有】【冒】【险】【岛】【玩】【哦】【。】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【小】【瓶】【盖】【:】【真】【的】【,】【那】【你】【会】【回】【来】【找】【我】【了】【对】【不】【对】【?】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【达】【 】【 】【达】【:】【嗯】【!】【一】【定】【会】【!】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【达】【 】【 】【达】【:】【我】【送】【你】【一】【只】【小】【鹿】【,】【让】【它】【陪】【你】【看】【彩】【虹】【看】【蝴】【蝶】【,】【只】【要】【你】【不】【害】【怕】【,】【勇】【敢】【地】【往】【前】【看】【,】【总】【有】【一】【天】【我】【会】【回】【来】【找】【你】【,】【所】【以】【在】【我】【找】【到】【你】【以】【前】【,】【你】【都】【要】【勇】【敢】【的】【,】【就】【算】【遇】【到】【难】【过】【的】【事】【,】【相】【信】【会】【变】【快】【乐】【。】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【小】【瓶】【盖】【:】【我】【要】【把】【达】【达】【小】【鹿】【当】【做】【你】【跟】【我】【在】【一】【起】【,】【你】【一】【定】【要】【找】【到】【我】【哦】【,】【一】【定】【喔】【。】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【达】【 】【 】【达】【:】【嗯】【!】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【小】【瓶】【盖】【:】【勾】【手】【指】【,】【盖】【手】【印】【!】【我】【会】【很】【勇】【敢】【地】【等】【你】【回】【来】【,】【等】【你】【回】【来】【的】【时】【候】【,】【你】【就】【知】【道】【我】【有】【多】【勇】【敢】【了】【。】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【没】【有】【达】【达】【的】【日】【子】【,】【我】【一】【个】【人】【玩】【、】【一】【个】【人】【上】【Q】【、】【一】【个】【人】【逛】【市】【场】【、】【一】【个】【人】【呆】【在】【我】【们】【约】【定】【的】【家】【里】【等】【达】【达】【、】【一】【个】【人】【哭】【,】【阳】【光】【的】【温】【度】【温】【暖】【不】【了】【没】【有】【达】【达】【的】【冒】【险】【岛】【,】【天】【上】【的】【烟】【花】【璀】【灿】【不】【了】【没】【有】【达】【达】【的】【生】【活】【。】太原装修设计【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【我】【根】【据】【自】【己】【的】【工】【作】【心】【得】【和】【参】【阅】【相】【关】【资】【料】【,】【归】【纳】【出】【考】【试】【作】【文】【的】【十】【大】【技】【巧】【。】【如】【果】【您】【家】【中】【有】【学】【生】【,】【请】【参】【考】【一】【下】【我】【的】【心】【得】【,】【相】【信】【对】【您】【孩】【子】【作】【文】【成】【绩】【的】【提】【高】【有】【多】【帮】【助】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【【】【技】【巧】【一】【】】【作】【文】【成】【绩】【看】【字】【迹】【,】【得】【分】【要】【素】【是】【第】【一】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【任】【何】【形】【式】【的】【作】【文】【考】【试】【,】【阅】【卷】【老】【师】【打】【分】【时】【,】【第】【一】【眼】【,】【看】【的】【是】【字】【迹】【。】【因】【此】【,】【写】【作】【文】【必】【须】【要】【把】【字】【写】【好】【。】【记】【住】【,】【考】【作】【文】【考】【的】【是】【内】【容】【,】【而】【不】【是】【书】【法】【,】【切】【忌】【字】【迹】【潦】【草】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【【】【技】【巧】【二】【】】【考】【试】【作】【文】【五】【六】【段】【,】【干】【净】【整】【洁】【看】【卷】【面】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【考】【试】【作】【文】【中】【,】【要】【注】【意】【及】【时】【分】【段】【,】【三】【四】【个】【段】【落】【显】【得】【少】【了】【,】【八】【九】【个】【段】【落】【,】【显】【得】【琐】【碎】【了】【些】【。】【除】【非】【有】【特】【殊】【情】【况】【,】【段】【落】【以】【五】【六】【个】【段】【落】【为】【好】【。】【此】【外】【,】【卷】【面】【一】【定】【要】【整】【洁】【,】【不】【要】【涂】【改】【得】【乱】【七】【八】【糟】【。】【我】【的】【看】【法】【是】【,】【考】【试】【作】【文】【每】【段】【最】【好】【别】【超】【过】【5】【行】【,】【顶】【多】【是】【5】【行】【半】【。】【切】【忌】【一】【段】【都】【八】【九】【行】【,】【写】【成】【“】【大】【肚】【子】【作】【文】【”】【。】【一】【旦】【给】【阅】【卷】【老】【师】【视】【觉】【上】【的】【疲】【劳】【,】【影】【响】【他】【的】【心】【理】【,】【分】【数】【就】【受】【影】【响】【。】【如】【果】【有】【必】【要】【,】【死】【拉】【硬】【拽】【也】【要】【注】【意】【分】【段】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【【】【技】【巧】【三】【】】【色】【彩】【对】【比】【也】【关】【键】【,】【建】【议】【用】【笔】【选】【择】【蓝】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【考】【试】【作】【文】【的】【卷】【子】【上】【,】【都】【是】【用】【黑】【颜】【色】【印】【刷】【的】【方】【格】【。】【如】【果】【你】【用】【非】【常】【粗】【而】【且】【黑】【的】【钢】【笔】【答】【题】【,】【墨】【水】【容】【易】【“】【泄】【一】【摊】【”】【,】【影】【响】【卷】【面】【的】【干】【净】【。】【建】【议】【学】【生】【用】【不】【浅】【不】【深】【、】【笔】【画】【不】【粗】【不】【细】【的】【蓝】【色】【中】【性】【笔】【写】【作】【文】【。】【这】【样】【的】【作】【文】【写】【出】【来】【,】【与】【黑】【色】【的】【方】【格】【形】【成】【一】【定】【的】【视】【觉】【对】【比】【,】【阅】【卷】【老】【师】【在】【视】【觉】【上】【有】【眼】【前】【一】【亮】【的】【感】【觉】【,】【分】【数】【上】【可】【能】【就】【会】【占】【便】【宜】【。】【在】【用】【蓝】【色】【中】【性】【笔】【写】【作】【文】【的】【时】【候】【,】【注】【意】【不】【要】【用】【字】【把】【方】【格】【填】【满】【,】【建】【议】【占】【字】【格】【下】【面】【或】【者】【左】【下】【面】【的】【四】【分】【之】【三】【,】【这】【样】【,】【显】【得】【作】【文】【每】【行】【的】【层】【次】【感】【比】【较】【强】【。】【卷】【面】【显】【得】【也】【相】【对】【美】【观】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【【】【技】【巧】【四】【】】【开】【头】【结】【尾】【要】【简】【练】【,】【最】【好】【首】【尾】【两】【行】【半】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【除】【了】【切】【忌】【大】【肚】【子】【作】【文】【外】【,】【“】【大】【头】【作】【文】【”】【也】【要】【不】【得】【。】【建】【议】【考】【生】【在】【写】【作】【文】【的】【时】【候】【,】【开】【头】【结】【尾】【占】【两】【行】【半】【的】【卷】【面】【。】【顶】【多】【也】【不】【能】【超】【过】【三】【行】【半】【。】【想】【想】【看】【,】【一】【个】【开】【头】【就】【占】【太】【多】【的】【空】【间】【,】【阅】【卷】【老】【师】【的】【视】【觉】【又】【会】【有】【瞬】【间】【的】【疲】【劳】【,】【也】【会】【影】【响】【阅】【卷】【老】【师】【的】【情】【绪】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【【】【技】【巧】【五】【】】【动】【笔】【之】【前】【要】【拟】【题】【,】【漂】【亮】【标】【题】【如】【美】【女】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【考】【试】【作】【文】【中】【,】【一】【般】【都】【是】【由】【考】【生】【自】【己】【来】【拟】【定】【题】【目】【,】【题】【目】【不】【宜】【太】【长】【和】【太】【短】【。】【怎】【么】【拟】【题】【呢】【?】【对】【于】【成】【绩】【一】【般】【的】【考】【生】【,】【应】【该】【采】【取】【特】【别】【措】【施】【了】【。】【拟】【题】【的】【办】【法】【有】【2】【个】【,】【一】【是】【你】【去】【百】【度】【上】【搜】【索】【一】【下】【作】【文】【拟】【题】【目】【,】【可】【以】【找】【到】【作】【文】【老】【师】【讲】【述】【的】【类】【似】【技】【巧】【。】【二】【是】【考】【生】【家】【长】【或】【考】【生】【,】【赶】【紧】【去】【翻】【阅】【最】【近】【一】【年】【的】【读】【者】【和】【青】【年】【文】【摘】【的】【合】【订】【本】【,】【根】【据】【题】【材】【,】【选】【择】【几】【十】【个】【比】【较】【精】【彩】【的】【标】【题】【,】【背】【下】【来】【,】【考】【试】【的】【时】【候】【可】【能】【比】【葫】【芦】【画】【瓢】【地】【就】【能】【采】【用】【到】【。】【合】【订】【本】【在】【大】【洋】【百】【货】【东】【边】【胡】【同】【里】【的】【书】【摊】【上】【有】【卖】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【【】【技】【巧】【六】【】】【作】【文】【首】【尾】【要】【打】【眼】【,】【丰】【富】【多】【彩】【出】【亮】【点】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【考】【试】【作】【文】【的】【开】【头】【方】【法】【很】【多】【:】【六】【要】【素】【开】【头】【法】【、】【题】【记】【开】【头】【法】【、】【悬】【念】【开】【头】【法】【、】【引】【名】【句】【开】【头】【法】【、】【排】【比】【句】【开】【头】【法】【、】【拟】【人】【式】【开】【头】【法】【、】【设】【问】【式】【开】【头】【法】【、】【对】【偶】【式】【开】【头】【法】【、】【博】【喻】【加】【对】【仗】【开】【头】【法】【,】【合】【用】【修】【辞】【开】【头】【法】【、】【巧】【述】【典】【故】【开】【头】【法】【,】【解】【题】【式】【开】【头】【法】【、】【名】【人】【问】【答】【开】【头】【法】【、】【诗】【文】【引】【用】【开】【头】【法】【。】【希】【望】【考】【生】【们】【准】【备】【好】【一】【些】【关】【于】【道】【德】【、】【学】【习】【、】【礼】【仪】【、】【爱】【国】【、】【美】【德】【等】【方】【面】【的】【典】【故】【、】【名】【人】【名】【言】【,】【到】【时】【候】【就】【用】【得】【上】【。】【至】【少】【,】【你】【看】【到】【作】【文】【的】【时】【候】【,】【脑】【子】【里】【会】【闪】【现】【出】【上】【述】【前】【七】【八】【个】【开】【头】【方】【法】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【结】【尾】【也】【很】【重】【要】【。】【一】【般】【来】【说】【,】【结】【尾】【是】【总】【结】【全】【文】【。】【如】【果】【是】【记】【叙】【文】【,】【要】【注】【意】【抒】【情】【。】【如】【果】【是】【议】【论】【文】【,】【则】【要】【注】【意】【归】【纳】【。】【无】【论】【如】【何】【,】【最】【好】【要】【扣】【准】【标】【题】【。】【怎】【么】【扣】【呢】【?】【如】【果】【你】【实】【在】【拿】【不】【准】【,】【就】【在】【结】【尾】【段】【的】【第】【一】【句】【,】【把】【题】【目】【说】【一】【下】【,】【然】【后】【归】【纳】【全】【文】【观】【点】【就】【是】【了】【。】【建】【议】【百】【度】【一】【下】【结】【尾】【方】【法】【,】【汲】【取】【有】【用】【成】【分】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【【】【技】【巧】【七】【】】【动】【笔】【之】【前】【不】【要】【慌】【,】【想】【了】【题】【目】【列】【提】【纲】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【上】【面】【说】【了】【好】【几】【种】【技】【巧】【,】【其】【实】【在】【具】【体】【操】【作】【的】【时】【候】【,】【列】【提】【纲】【很】【关】【键】【。】【譬】【如】【,】【写】【记】【叙】【文】【要】【设】【计】【好】【开】【头】【结】【尾】【,】【同】【时】【要】【把】【你】【叙】【述】【的】【事】【情】【分】【成】【几】【个】【层】【次】【,】【一】【个】【层】【次】【是】【一】【段】【,】【中】【间】【如】【果】【能】【设】【置】【好】【一】【个】【过】【渡】【句】【或】【过】【渡】【段】【更】【好】【。】【列】【提】【纲】【的】【时】【候】【,】【一】【定】【要】【把】【开】【头】【结】【尾】【写】【详】【细】【写】【,】【中】【间】【各】【段】【,】【穿】【插】【哪】【些】【精】【彩】【的】【话】【语】【或】【名】【言】【俗】【语】【、】【诗】【词】【典】【故】【,】【要】【写】【准】【。】【一】【个】【合】【格】【的】【学】【生】【,】【列】【提】【纲】【,】【大】【约】【5】【分】【钟】【到】【8】【分】【钟】【。】【时】【间】【要】【掌】【握】【好】【,】【如】【果】【时】【间】【紧】【张】【,】【提】【纲】【就】【要】【简】【练】【些】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【【】【技】【巧】【八】【】】【想】【好】【主】【题】【和】【文】【体】【,】【非】【驴】【非】【马】【不】【可】【取】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【写】【作】【文】【,】【要】【么】【是】【记】【叙】【文】【,】【要】【么】【是】【议】【论】【文】【。】【一】【般】【来】【说】【,】【多】【是】【“】【总】【—】【分】【—】【总】【”】【结】【构】【。】【记】【叙】【文】【的】【结】【尾】【要】【注】【意】【抒】【情】【和】【总】【结】【哲】【理】【,】【议】【论】【文】【最】【好】【是】【“】【1】【—】【3】【—】【1】【”】【或】【者】【“】【1】【—】【4】【—】【1】【”】【结】【构】【,】【中】【间】【的】【3】【或】【4】【,】【是】【分】【层】【解】【题】【。】【当】【然】【也】【可】【以】【灵】【活】【采】【用】【夹】【叙】【夹】【议】【的】【手】【法】【。】【但】【是】【注】【意】【,】【千】【万】【别】【议】【论】【文】【说】【了】【那】【么】【多】【事】【例】【却】【不】【归】【纳】【主】【题】【,】【千】【万】【记】【叙】【文】【忘】【记】【说】【事】【却】【议】【论】【过】【多】【。】【因】【此】【,】【写】【考】【试】【作】【文】【,】【事】【先】【要】【想】【好】【了】【,】【我】【写】【的】【是】【什】【么】【文】【体】【,】【就】【按】【相】【应】【文】【体】【的】【写】【法】【来】【写】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【【】【技】【巧】【九】【】】【适】【当】【克】【隆】【和】【“】【抄】【袭】【”】【,】【考】【前】【备】【料】【攒】【信】【息】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【考】【试】【前】【,】【建】【议】【考】【生】【翻】【阅】【大】【量】【的】【范】【文】【,】【积】【累】【一】【些】【考】【试】【作】【文】【的】【结】【构】【。】【如】【果】【写】【记】【叙】【文】【,】【最】【好】【翻】【阅】【《】【读】【者】【》】【和】【《】【青】【年】【文】【摘】【》】【,】【其】【中】【的】【一】【些】【散】【文】【,】【结】【构】【是】【很】【好】【的】【,】【可】【以】【把】【写】【作】【的】【梗】【概】【和】【套】【路】【归】【纳】【出】【来】【。】【到】【考】【试】【的】【时】【候】【,】【你】【采】【用】【别】【人】【的】【“】【筐】【”】【,】【把】【自】【己】【的】【东】【西】【向】【里】【面】【装】【就】【可】【以】【了】【。】【关】【于】【感】【情】【、】【爱】【国】【、】【人】【生】【之】【类】【的】【优】【美】【语】【言】【,】【可】【以】【分】【别】【背】【个】【三】【五】【句】【,】【到】【时】【候】【直】【接】【抄】【上】【去】【就】【行】【了】【,】【这】【不】【算】【抄】【袭】【。】【关】【于】【国】【家】【大】【事】【,】【时】【事】【政】【治】【和】【要】【闻】【什】【么】【的】【,】【也】【要】【注】【意】【搜】【集】【一】【下】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【【】【技】【巧】【十】【】】【篇】【幅】【争】【取】【要】【写】【满】【,】【多】【写】【一】【点】【是】【一】【点】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【一】【般】【来】【说】【,】【中】【考】【高】【考】【作】【文】【要】【求】【都】【不】【低】【于】【6】【0】【0】【—】【8】【0】【0】【字】【。】【如】【果】【要】【求】【是】【6】【0】【0】【字】【左】【右】【,】【那】【就】【顶】【多】【写】【到】【7】【0】【0】【字】【。】【如】【果】【是】【不】【低】【于】【多】【少】【字】【,】【建】【议】【考】【生】【,】【争】【取】【合】【理】【安】【排】【卷】【面】【,】【把】【给】【的】【卷】【面】【写】【满】【到】【9】【5】【%】【左】【右】【。】【譬】【如】【中】【考】【作】【文】【不】【低】【于】【6】【0】【0】【字】【,】【那】【么】【试】【卷】【给】【的】【卷】【面】【多】【是】【8】【0】【0】【字】【左】【右】【,】【那】【么】【,】【你】【争】【取】【写】【到】【7】【8】【0】【字】【,】【留】【下】【最】【后】【一】【两】【行】【。】【作】【文】【老】【师】【一】【看】【你】【写】【得】【那】【么】【多】【,】【肯】【定】【觉】【得】【你】【的】【作】【文】【相】【对】【熟】【练】【,】【作】【文】【打】【分】【就】【趋】【高】【不】【趋】【低】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【上】【述】【我】【是】【总】【结】【和】【归】【纳】【出】【的】【1】【0】【个】【技】【巧】【,】【此】【外】【也】【有】【很】【多】【的】【奥】【妙】【,】【对】【于】【作】【文】【老】【师】【而】【言】【,】【都】【是】【见】【仁】【见】【智】【。】【一】【个】【师】【傅】【一】【个】【传】【授】【,】【我】【在】【我】【的】【常】【春】【藤】【作】【文】【培】【训】【学】【校】【里】【,】【就】【是】【这】【么】【教】【的】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【有】【人】【问】【,】【考】【试】【作】【文】【,】【如】【果】【不】【限】【文】【体】【的】【话】【,】【我】【写】【诗】【歌】【,】【写】【顺】【口】【溜】【,】【写】【三】【句】【半】【,】【写】【唱】【词】【,】【行】【不】【行】【。】【这】【个】【我】【不】【敢】【给】【你】【做】【主】【。】【因】【为】【冒】【险】【的】【文】【体】【,】【要】【么】【就】【是】【很】【高】【的】【分】【,】【要】【么】【就】【是】【低】【分】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【千】【言】【万】【语】【汇】【成】【一】【句】【话】【:】【考】【试】【作】【文】【就】【是】【撞】【大】【运】【,】【但】【是】【高】【分】【总】【会】【给】【那】【些】【准】【备】【充】【分】【的】【考】【生】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【作】【者】【简】【介】【:】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【董】【俊】【平】【,】【女】【,】【辽】【宁】【省】【营】【口】【市】【第】【三】【高】【级】【中】【学】【,】【中】【级】【教】【师】【,】【1】【9】【8】【3】【.】【3】【月】【-】【至】【今】【,】【从】【事】【语】【文】【的】【教】【育】【教】【学】【等】【研】【究】【工】【作】【。】

【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【我】【根】【据】【自】【己】【的】【工】【作】【心】【得】【和】【参】【阅】【相】【关】【资】【料】【,】【归】【纳】【出】【考】【试】【作】【文】【的】【十】【大】【技】【巧】【。】【如】【果】【您】【家】【中】【有】【学】【生】【,】【请】【参】【考】【一】【下】【我】【的】【心】【得】【,】【相】【信】【对】【您】【孩】【子】【作】【文】【成】【绩】【的】【提】【高】【有】【多】【帮】【助】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【【】【技】【巧】【一】【】】【作】【文】【成】【绩】【看】【字】【迹】【,】【得】【分】【要】【素】【是】【第】【一】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【任】【何】【形】【式】【的】【作】【文】【考】【试】【,】【阅】【卷】【老】【师】【打】【分】【时】【,】【第】【一】【眼】【,】【看】【的】【是】【字】【迹】【。】【因】【此】【,】【写】【作】【文】【必】【须】【要】【把】【字】【写】【好】【。】【记】【住】【,】【考】【作】【文】【考】【的】【是】【内】【容】【,】【而】【不】【是】【书】【法】【,】【切】【忌】【字】【迹】【潦】【草】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【【】【技】【巧】【二】【】】【考】【试】【作】【文】【五】【六】【段】【,】【干】【净】【整】【洁】【看】【卷】【面】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【考】【试】【作】【文】【中】【,】【要】【注】【意】【及】【时】【分】【段】【,】【三】【四】【个】【段】【落】【显】【得】【少】【了】【,】【八】【九】【个】【段】【落】【,】【显】【得】【琐】【碎】【了】【些】【。】【除】【非】【有】【特】【殊】【情】【况】【,】【段】【落】【以】【五】【六】【个】【段】【落】【为】【好】【。】【此】【外】【,】【卷】【面】【一】【定】【要】【整】【洁】【,】【不】【要】【涂】【改】【得】【乱】【七】【八】【糟】【。】【我】【的】【看】【法】【是】【,】【考】【试】【作】【文】【每】【段】【最】【好】【别】【超】【过】【5】【行】【,】【顶】【多】【是】【5】【行】【半】【。】【切】【忌】【一】【段】【都】【八】【九】【行】【,】【写】【成】【“】【大】【肚】【子】【作】【文】【”】【。】【一】【旦】【给】【阅】【卷】【老】【师】【视】【觉】【上】【的】【疲】【劳】【,】【影】【响】【他】【的】【心】【理】【,】【分】【数】【就】【受】【影】【响】【。】【如】【果】【有】【必】【要】【,】【死】【拉】【硬】【拽】【也】【要】【注】【意】【分】【段】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【【】【技】【巧】【三】【】】【色】【彩】【对】【比】【也】【关】【键】【,】【建】【议】【用】【笔】【选】【择】【蓝】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【考】【试】【作】【文】【的】【卷】【子】【上】【,】【都】【是】【用】【黑】【颜】【色】【印】【刷】【的】【方】【格】【。】【如】【果】【你】【用】【非】【常】【粗】【而】【且】【黑】【的】【钢】【笔】【答】【题】【,】【墨】【水】【容】【易】【“】【泄】【一】【摊】【”】【,】【影】【响】【卷】【面】【的】【干】【净】【。】【建】【议】【学】【生】【用】【不】【浅】【不】【深】【、】【笔】【画】【不】【粗】【不】【细】【的】【蓝】【色】【中】【性】【笔】【写】【作】【文】【。】【这】【样】【的】【作】【文】【写】【出】【来】【,】【与】【黑】【色】【的】【方】【格】【形】【成】【一】【定】【的】【视】【觉】【对】【比】【,】【阅】【卷】【老】【师】【在】【视】【觉】【上】【有】【眼】【前】【一】【亮】【的】【感】【觉】【,】【分】【数】【上】【可】【能】【就】【会】【占】【便】【宜】【。】【在】【用】【蓝】【色】【中】【性】【笔】【写】【作】【文】【的】【时】【候】【,】【注】【意】【不】【要】【用】【字】【把】【方】【格】【填】【满】【,】【建】【议】【占】【字】【格】【下】【面】【或】【者】【左】【下】【面】【的】【四】【分】【之】【三】【,】【这】【样】【,】【显】【得】【作】【文】【每】【行】【的】【层】【次】【感】【比】【较】【强】【。】【卷】【面】【显】【得】【也】【相】【对】【美】【观】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【【】【技】【巧】【四】【】】【开】【头】【结】【尾】【要】【简】【练】【,】【最】【好】【首】【尾】【两】【行】【半】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【除】【了】【切】【忌】【大】【肚】【子】【作】【文】【外】【,】【“】【大】【头】【作】【文】【”】【也】【要】【不】【得】【。】【建】【议】【考】【生】【在】【写】【作】【文】【的】【时】【候】【,】【开】【头】【结】【尾】【占】【两】【行】【半】【的】【卷】【面】【。】【顶】【多】【也】【不】【能】【超】【过】【三】【行】【半】【。】【想】【想】【看】【,】【一】【个】【开】【头】【就】【占】【太】【多】【的】【空】【间】【,】【阅】【卷】【老】【师】【的】【视】【觉】【又】【会】【有】【瞬】【间】【的】【疲】【劳】【,】【也】【会】【影】【响】【阅】【卷】【老】【师】【的】【情】【绪】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【【】【技】【巧】【五】【】】【动】【笔】【之】【前】【要】【拟】【题】【,】【漂】【亮】【标】【题】【如】【美】【女】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【考】【试】【作】【文】【中】【,】【一】【般】【都】【是】【由】【考】【生】【自】【己】【来】【拟】【定】【题】【目】【,】【题】【目】【不】【宜】【太】【长】【和】【太】【短】【。】【怎】【么】【拟】【题】【呢】【?】【对】【于】【成】【绩】【一】【般】【的】【考】【生】【,】【应】【该】【采】【取】【特】【别】【措】【施】【了】【。】【拟】【题】【的】【办】【法】【有】【2】【个】【,】【一】【是】【你】【去】【百】【度】【上】【搜】【索】【一】【下】【作】【文】【拟】【题】【目】【,】【可】【以】【找】【到】【作】【文】【老】【师】【讲】【述】【的】【类】【似】【技】【巧】【。】【二】【是】【考】【生】【家】【长】【或】【考】【生】【,】【赶】【紧】【去】【翻】【阅】【最】【近】【一】【年】【的】【读】【者】【和】【青】【年】【文】【摘】【的】【合】【订】【本】【,】【根】【据】【题】【材】【,】【选】【择】【几】【十】【个】【比】【较】【精】【彩】【的】【标】【题】【,】【背】【下】【来】【,】【考】【试】【的】【时】【候】【可】【能】【比】【葫】【芦】【画】【瓢】【地】【就】【能】【采】【用】【到】【。】【合】【订】【本】【在】【大】【洋】【百】【货】【东】【边】【胡】【同】【里】【的】【书】【摊】【上】【有】【卖】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【【】【技】【巧】【六】【】】【作】【文】【首】【尾】【要】【打】【眼】【,】【丰】【富】【多】【彩】【出】【亮】【点】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【考】【试】【作】【文】【的】【开】【头】【方】【法】【很】【多】【:】【六】【要】【素】【开】【头】【法】【、】【题】【记】【开】【头】【法】【、】【悬】【念】【开】【头】【法】【、】【引】【名】【句】【开】【头】【法】【、】【排】【比】【句】【开】【头】【法】【、】【拟】【人】【式】【开】【头】【法】【、】【设】【问】【式】【开】【头】【法】【、】【对】【偶】【式】【开】【头】【法】【、】【博】【喻】【加】【对】【仗】【开】【头】【法】【,】【合】【用】【修】【辞】【开】【头】【法】【、】【巧】【述】【典】【故】【开】【头】【法】【,】【解】【题】【式】【开】【头】【法】【、】【名】【人】【问】【答】【开】【头】【法】【、】【诗】【文】【引】【用】【开】【头】【法】【。】【希】【望】【考】【生】【们】【准】【备】【好】【一】【些】【关】【于】【道】【德】【、】【学】【习】【、】【礼】【仪】【、】【爱】【国】【、】【美】【德】【等】【方】【面】【的】【典】【故】【、】【名】【人】【名】【言】【,】【到】【时】【候】【就】【用】【得】【上】【。】【至】【少】【,】【你】【看】【到】【作】【文】【的】【时】【候】【,】【脑】【子】【里】【会】【闪】【现】【出】【上】【述】【前】【七】【八】【个】【开】【头】【方】【法】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【结】【尾】【也】【很】【重】【要】【。】【一】【般】【来】【说】【,】【结】【尾】【是】【总】【结】【全】【文】【。】【如】【果】【是】【记】【叙】【文】【,】【要】【注】【意】【抒】【情】【。】【如】【果】【是】【议】【论】【文】【,】【则】【要】【注】【意】【归】【纳】【。】【无】【论】【如】【何】【,】【最】【好】【要】【扣】【准】【标】【题】【。】【怎】【么】【扣】【呢】【?】【如】【果】【你】【实】【在】【拿】【不】【准】【,】【就】【在】【结】【尾】【段】【的】【第】【一】【句】【,】【把】【题】【目】【说】【一】【下】【,】【然】【后】【归】【纳】【全】【文】【观】【点】【就】【是】【了】【。】【建】【议】【百】【度】【一】【下】【结】【尾】【方】【法】【,】【汲】【取】【有】【用】【成】【分】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【【】【技】【巧】【七】【】】【动】【笔】【之】【前】【不】【要】【慌】【,】【想】【了】【题】【目】【列】【提】【纲】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【上】【面】【说】【了】【好】【几】【种】【技】【巧】【,】【其】【实】【在】【具】【体】【操】【作】【的】【时】【候】【,】【列】【提】【纲】【很】【关】【键】【。】【譬】【如】【,】【写】【记】【叙】【文】【要】【设】【计】【好】【开】【头】【结】【尾】【,】【同】【时】【要】【把】【你】【叙】【述】【的】【事】【情】【分】【成】【几】【个】【层】【次】【,】【一】【个】【层】【次】【是】【一】【段】【,】【中】【间】【如】【果】【能】【设】【置】【好】【一】【个】【过】【渡】【句】【或】【过】【渡】【段】【更】【好】【。】【列】【提】【纲】【的】【时】【候】【,】【一】【定】【要】【把】【开】【头】【结】【尾】【写】【详】【细】【写】【,】【中】【间】【各】【段】【,】【穿】【插】【哪】【些】【精】【彩】【的】【话】【语】【或】【名】【言】【俗】【语】【、】【诗】【词】【典】【故】【,】【要】【写】【准】【。】【一】【个】【合】【格】【的】【学】【生】【,】【列】【提】【纲】【,】【大】【约】【5】【分】【钟】【到】【8】【分】【钟】【。】【时】【间】【要】【掌】【握】【好】【,】【如】【果】【时】【间】【紧】【张】【,】【提】【纲】【就】【要】【简】【练】【些】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【【】【技】【巧】【八】【】】【想】【好】【主】【题】【和】【文】【体】【,】【非】【驴】【非】【马】【不】【可】【取】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【写】【作】【文】【,】【要】【么】【是】【记】【叙】【文】【,】【要】【么】【是】【议】【论】【文】【。】【一】【般】【来】【说】【,】【多】【是】【“】【总】【—】【分】【—】【总】【”】【结】【构】【。】【记】【叙】【文】【的】【结】【尾】【要】【注】【意】【抒】【情】【和】【总】【结】【哲】【理】【,】【议】【论】【文】【最】【好】【是】【“】【1】【—】【3】【—】【1】【”】【或】【者】【“】【1】【—】【4】【—】【1】【”】【结】【构】【,】【中】【间】【的】【3】【或】【4】【,】【是】【分】【层】【解】【题】【。】【当】【然】【也】【可】【以】【灵】【活】【采】【用】【夹】【叙】【夹】【议】【的】【手】【法】【。】【但】【是】【注】【意】【,】【千】【万】【别】【议】【论】【文】【说】【了】【那】【么】【多】【事】【例】【却】【不】【归】【纳】【主】【题】【,】【千】【万】【记】【叙】【文】【忘】【记】【说】【事】【却】【议】【论】【过】【多】【。】【因】【此】【,】【写】【考】【试】【作】【文】【,】【事】【先】【要】【想】【好】【了】【,】【我】【写】【的】【是】【什】【么】【文】【体】【,】【就】【按】【相】【应】【文】【体】【的】【写】【法】【来】【写】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【【】【技】【巧】【九】【】】【适】【当】【克】【隆】【和】【“】【抄】【袭】【”】【,】【考】【前】【备】【料】【攒】【信】【息】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【考】【试】【前】【,】【建】【议】【考】【生】【翻】【阅】【大】【量】【的】【范】【文】【,】【积】【累】【一】【些】【考】【试】【作】【文】【的】【结】【构】【。】【如】【果】【写】【记】【叙】【文】【,】【最】【好】【翻】【阅】【《】【读】【者】【》】【和】【《】【青】【年】【文】【摘】【》】【,】【其】【中】【的】【一】【些】【散】【文】【,】【结】【构】【是】【很】【好】【的】【,】【可】【以】【把】【写】【作】【的】【梗】【概】【和】【套】【路】【归】【纳】【出】【来】【。】【到】【考】【试】【的】【时】【候】【,】【你】【采】【用】【别】【人】【的】【“】【筐】【”】【,】【把】【自】【己】【的】【东】【西】【向】【里】【面】【装】【就】【可】【以】【了】【。】【关】【于】【感】【情】【、】【爱】【国】【、】【人】【生】【之】【类】【的】【优】【美】【语】【言】【,】【可】【以】【分】【别】【背】【个】【三】【五】【句】【,】【到】【时】【候】【直】【接】【抄】【上】【去】【就】【行】【了】【,】【这】【不】【算】【抄】【袭】【。】【关】【于】【国】【家】【大】【事】【,】【时】【事】【政】【治】【和】【要】【闻】【什】【么】【的】【,】【也】【要】【注】【意】【搜】【集】【一】【下】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【【】【技】【巧】【十】【】】【篇】【幅】【争】【取】【要】【写】【满】【,】【多】【写】【一】【点】【是】【一】【点】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【一】【般】【来】【说】【,】【中】【考】【高】【考】【作】【文】【要】【求】【都】【不】【低】【于】【6】【0】【0】【—】【8】【0】【0】【字】【。】【如】【果】【要】【求】【是】【6】【0】【0】【字】【左】【右】【,】【那】【就】【顶】【多】【写】【到】【7】【0】【0】【字】【。】【如】【果】【是】【不】【低】【于】【多】【少】【字】【,】【建】【议】【考】【生】【,】【争】【取】【合】【理】【安】【排】【卷】【面】【,】【把】【给】【的】【卷】【面】【写】【满】【到】【9】【5】【%】【左】【右】【。】【譬】【如】【中】【考】【作】【文】【不】【低】【于】【6】【0】【0】【字】【,】【那】【么】【试】【卷】【给】【的】【卷】【面】【多】【是】【8】【0】【0】【字】【左】【右】【,】【那】【么】【,】【你】【争】【取】【写】【到】【7】【8】【0】【字】【,】【留】【下】【最】【后】【一】【两】【行】【。】【作】【文】【老】【师】【一】【看】【你】【写】【得】【那】【么】【多】【,】【肯】【定】【觉】【得】【你】【的】【作】【文】【相】【对】【熟】【练】【,】【作】【文】【打】【分】【就】【趋】【高】【不】【趋】【低】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【上】【述】【我】【是】【总】【结】【和】【归】【纳】【出】【的】【1】【0】【个】【技】【巧】【,】【此】【外】【也】【有】【很】【多】【的】【奥】【妙】【,】【对】【于】【作】【文】【老】【师】【而】【言】【,】【都】【是】【见】【仁】【见】【智】【。】【一】【个】【师】【傅】【一】【个】【传】【授】【,】【我】【在】【我】【的】【常】【春】【藤】【作】【文】【培】【训】【学】【校】【里】【,】【就】【是】【这】【么】【教】【的】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【有】【人】【问】【,】【考】【试】【作】【文】【,】【如】【果】【不】【限】【文】【体】【的】【话】【,】【我】【写】【诗】【歌】【,】【写】【顺】【口】【溜】【,】【写】【三】【句】【半】【,】【写】【唱】【词】【,】【行】【不】【行】【。】【这】【个】【我】【不】【敢】【给】【你】【做】【主】【。】【因】【为】【冒】【险】【的】【文】【体】【,】【要】【么】【就】【是】【很】【高】【的】【分】【,】【要】【么】【就】【是】【低】【分】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【千】【言】【万】【语】【汇】【成】【一】【句】【话】【:】【考】【试】【作】【文】【就】【是】【撞】【大】【运】【,】【但】【是】【高】【分】【总】【会】【给】【那】【些】【准】【备】【充】【分】【的】【考】【生】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【作】【者】【简】【介】【:】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【董】【俊】【平】【,】【女】【,】【辽】【宁】【省】【营】【口】【市】【第】【三】【高】【级】【中】【学】【,】【中】【级】【教】【师】【,】【1】【9】【8】【3】【.】【3】【月】【-】【至】【今】【,】【从】【事】【语】【文】【的】【教】【育】【教】【学】【等】【研】【究】【工】【作】【。】太原装修设计【我】【把】【成】【串】【的】【往】【昔】【,】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【多】【情】【的】【眷】【恋】【,】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【在】【春】【光】【明】【媚】【的】【日】【子】【里】【,】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【编】【织】【成】【情】【思】【的】【花】【环】【,】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【编】【织】【成】【情】【思】【的】【花】【环】【,】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【天】【,】【下】【雨】【了】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【给】【海】【带】【去】【千】【丝】【万】【缕】【的】【思】【念】【;】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【海】【,】【起】【风】【了】【,】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【向】【天】【倾】【吐】【绵】【绵】【无】【尽】【的】【话】【语】【。】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【天】【在】【上】【面】【,】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【海】【在】【下】【面】【,】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【雨】【和】【风】【呵】【,】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【把】【海】【天】【紧】【紧】【相】【连】【。】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【人】【生】【,】【一】【个】【故】【事】【的】【结】【束】【,】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【也】【就】【是】【另】【一】【个】【故】【事】【的】【开】【始】【。】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【如】【果】【说】【童】【年】【是】【一】【场】【梦】【,】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【少】【年】【是】【一】【幅】【画】【,】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【青】【年】【是】【一】【首】【诗】【,】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【壮】【年】【是】【一】【部】【小】【说】【,】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【中】【年】【是】【一】【篇】【散】【文】【,】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【老】【年】【则】【是】【一】【套】【哲】【学】【。】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【荒】【凉】【的】【沙】【漠】【可】【以】【看】【出】【骆】【驼】【的】【耐】【力】【,】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【患】【难】【的】【经】【历】【可】【以】【看】【出】【友】【谊】【的】【忠】【诚】【,】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【人】【生】【乐】【在】【相】【知】【。】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【文】【情】【不】【厌】【新】【,】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【交】【情】【不】【厌】【陈】【。】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【能】【存】【先】【昔】【友】【,】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【留】【来】【示】【后】【人】【。】

太原装修设计:广西高校开学

【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【摘】【 】【要】【:】【初】【中】【阶】【段】【是】【学】【生】【世】【界】【观】【、】【人】【生】【观】【与】【价】【值】【观】【形】【成】【的】【重】【要】【时】【期】【,】【而】【语】【文】【教】【学】【对】【于】【学】【生】【思】【想】【及】【观】【念】【的】【塑】【造】【与】【培】【养】【极】【为】【重】【要】【。】【在】【语】【文】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【中】【,】【有】【效】【的】【评】【价】【语】【言】【的】【运】【用】【,】【影】【响】【着】【教】【学】【的】【质】【量】【与】【效】【率】【,】【并】【与】【学】【生】【全】【面】【人】【格】【的】【塑】【造】【及】【综】【合】【素】【质】【的】【提】【高】【息】【息】【相】【关】【。】【基】【于】【此】【,】【初】【中】【学】【校】【及】【语】【文】【教】【师】【需】【要】【提】【高】【重】【视】【,】【明】【确】【课】【堂】【评】【价】【语】【言】【对】【初】【中】【学】【生】【的】【积】【极】【影】【响】【,】【并】【积】【极】【采】【取】【有】【效】【措】【施】【提】【高】【评】【价】【语】【言】【的】【有】【效】【性】【,】【进】【而】【为】【综】【合】【型】【人】【才】【的】【培】【养】【打】【下】【坚】【实】【的】【基】【础】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【关】【键】【词】【:】【语】【文】【课】【堂】【;】【评】【价】【语】【言】【;】【初】【中】【学】【生】【;】【影】【响】【;】【有】【效】【性】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【作】【为】【语】【文】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【的】【重】【要】【组】【成】【部】【分】【,】【语】【文】【课】【堂】【评】【价】【是】【教】【师】【调】【控】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【的】【有】【效】【手】【段】【,】【有】【效】【的】【课】【堂】【评】【价】【语】【言】【,】【可】【以】【创】【设】【良】【好】【的】【教】【学】【氛】【围】【,】【促】【使】【师】【生】【、】【生】【生】【之】【间】【的】【交】【流】【,】【并】【可】【以】【激】【发】【学】【生】【的】【学】【习】【兴】【趣】【、】【提】【高】【教】【学】【质】【量】【与】【效】【率】【。】【这】【就】【要】【求】【初】【中】【语】【文】【教】【师】【充】【分】【运】【用】【语】【文】【这】【一】【学】【科】【所】【包】【含】【的】【语】【言】【艺】【术】【,】【经】【常】【性】【地】【对】【学】【生】【进】【行】【评】【价】【和】【鼓】【励】【,】【在】【提】【高】【教】【学】【效】【果】【的】【同】【时】【,】【全】【面】【性】【地】【提】【升】【学】【生】【的】【内】【在】【修】【养】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【一】【、】【语】【文】【课】【堂】【评】【价】【语】【言】【对】【初】【中】【学】【生】【的】【影】【响】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【.】【活】【跃】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【氛】【围】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【在】【初】【中】【语】【文】【教】【学】【过】【程】【中】【,】【教】【师】【充】【分】【运】【用】【有】【效】【的】【评】【价】【语】【言】【,】【有】【助】【于】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【氛】【围】【的】【活】【跃】【。】【例】【如】【,】【在】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【过】【程】【中】【,】【教】【师】【可】【以】【请】【三】【个】【同】【学】【朗】【诵】【课】【文】【,】【并】【分】【别】【给】【予】【“】【读】【得】【真】【流】【利】【”】【、】【“】【这】【一】【次】【有】【进】【步】【”】【、】【“】【精】【神】【状】【态】【饱】【满】【些】【,】【你】【会】【读】【得】【更】【好】【”】【等】【评】【价】【。】【这】【些】【评】【价】【会】【使】【学】【生】【如】【沐】【春】【风】【,】【从】【而】【激】【发】【学】【生】【的】【学】【习】【积】【极】【性】【、】【活】【跃】【了】【课】【堂】【氛】【围】【,】【为】【整】【堂】【课】【的】【顺】【利】【进】【行】【打】【下】【了】【坚】【实】【的】【基】【础】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【2】【.】【提】【高】【学】【生】【的】【自】【信】【心】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【初】【中】【语】【文】【教】【师】【在】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【中】【充】【分】【运】【用】【激】【励】【性】【的】【评】【价】【语】【言】【,】【在】【学】【生】【表】【现】【进】【步】【或】【者】【消】【极】【时】【,】【均】【可】【以】【运】【用】【激】【励】【性】【、】【肯】【定】【性】【的】【用】【语】【,】【如】【此】【可】【以】【刺】【激】【学】【生】【的】【学】【习】【情】【绪】【,】【使】【其】【产】【生】【强】【大】【的】【内】【在】【驱】【动】【力】【。】【而】【长】【时】【间】【的】【接】【受】【肯】【定】【性】【用】【语】【,】【学】【生】【会】【潜】【移】【默】【化】【的】【变】【得】【自】【信】【,】【使】【学】【生】【在】【遭】【遇】【困】【难】【或】【者】【学】【习】【动】【力】【不】【足】【时】【,】【及】【时】【调】【整】【情】【绪】【,】【鼓】【足】【劲】【头】【继】【续】【学】【习】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【3】【.】【提】【高】【教】【学】【的】【针】【对】【性】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【苏】【霍】【姆】【林】【斯】【基】【说】【过】【:】【“】【在】【人】【的】【心】【底】【深】【处】【都】【有】【一】【种】【根】【深】【蒂】【固】【的】【需】【求】【,】【这】【就】【是】【希】【望】【自】【己】【是】【一】【个】【发】【现】【者】【、】【研】【究】【者】【、】【探】【索】【者】【。】【”】【语】【文】【教】【师】【需】【要】【关】【注】【每】【一】【位】【学】【生】【,】【给】【予】【学】【生】【带】【有】【针】【对】【性】【的】【评】【价】【,】【依】【据】【学】【生】【的】【自】【身】【特】【点】【挖】【掘】【学】【生】【的】【潜】【力】【。】【例】【如】【,】【在】【《】【世】【说】【新】【语】【》】【两】【则】【的】【教】【学】【过】【程】【中】【,】【教】【师】【安】【排】【学】【生】【分】【别】【扮】【演】【谢】【太】【傅】【、】【谢】【朗】【与】【谢】【道】【韫】【三】【人】【,】【并】【作】【出】【“】【读】【得】【很】【精】【彩】【,】【但】【注】【入】【更】【多】【感】【情】【就】【完】【美】【了】【”】【、】【“】【读】【得】【很】【有】【激】【情】【,】【如】【果】【语】【调】【变】【化】【再】【丰】【富】【些】【效】【果】【会】【更】【好】【”】【等】【评】【价】【,】【从】【而】【使】【不】【同】【的】【学】【生】【得】【到】【并】【接】【受】【针】【对】【性】【的】【指】【导】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【二】【、】【提】【高】【语】【文】【课】【堂】【评】【价】【语】【言】【有】【效】【性】【的】【措】【施】【与】【对】【策】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【.】【提】【高】【语】【文】【教】【师】【课】【堂】【评】【价】【语】【言】【的】【理】【论】【素】【养】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【初】【中】【语】【文】【教】【师】【需】【要】【在】【充】【分】【掌】【握】【教】【学】【方】【法】【与】【教】【材】【内】【容】【的】【基】【础】【上】【,】【注】【重】【课】【堂】【评】【价】【语】【言】【的】【相】【关】【理】【论】【学】【习】【。】【首】【先】【需】【要】【提】【高】【自】【身】【语】【言】【运】【用】【能】【力】【,】【尽】【可】【能】【增】【强】【讲】【话】【的】【简】【洁】【性】【、】【丰】【富】【性】【与】【生】【动】【性】【,】【并】【针】【对】【初】【中】【学】【生】【的】【特】【点】【进】【行】【具】【体】【的】【训】【练】【。】【其】【次】【,】【教】【师】【需】【要】【主】【要】【向】【名】【师】【学】【习】【,】【名】【师】【的】【课】【堂】【评】【价】【语】【言】【是】【经】【过】【千】【锤】【百】【炼】【的】【,】【对】【其】【进】【行】【充】【分】【借】【鉴】【,】【并】【结】【合】【具】【体】【的】【课】【程】【教】【学】【灵】【活】【运】【用】【,】【是】【提】【高】【评】【价】【语】【言】【有】【效】【性】【的】【捷】【径】【。】【此】【外】【,】【初】【中】【语】【文】【教】【师】【之】【间】【需】【要】【增】【加】【沟】【通】【与】【交】【流】【,】【相】【互】【借】【鉴】【、】【学】【习】【,】【并】【做】【到】【取】【其】【精】【华】【去】【其】【糟】【粕】【,】【如】【此】【可】【以】【有】【效】【提】【高】【语】【文】【课】【堂】【评】【价】【语】【言】【的】【应】【用】【效】【果】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【2】【.】【丰】【富】【语】【文】【课】【堂】【评】【价】【语】【言】【的】【艺】【术】【性】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【富】【有】【诗】【意】【、】【丰】【富】【多】【彩】【的】【评】【价】【语】【言】【不】【仅】【可】【以】【唤】【醒】【学】【生】【的】【求】【知】【欲】【,】【更】【能】【使】【学】【生】【在】【妙】【语】【连】【珠】【的】【评】【价】【中】【受】【到】【熏】【陶】【与】【感】【染】【,】【达】【到】【“】【亲】【其】【师】【,】【信】【其】【道】【”】【的】【效】【果】【。】【评】【价】【语】【言】【是】【一】【门】【艺】【术】【,】【根】【植】【于】【深】【厚】【的】【教】【学】【功】【底】【与】【良】【好】【的】【口】【语】【素】【养】【,】【因】【此】【初】【中】【语】【文】【教】【师】【需】【要】【以】【艺】【术】【化】【的】【态】【度】【与】【指】【导】【学】【生】【的】【语】【文】【学】【习】【,】【营】【造】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【评】【价】【的】【美】【学】【韵】【味】【。】【同】【时】【,】【语】【文】【课】【堂】【评】【价】【语】【言】【不】【仅】【局】【限】【于】【有】【声】【语】【言】【,】【肢】【体】【语】【言】【、】【表】【情】【语】【言】【等】【更】【是】【具】【有】【魅】【力】【,】【可】【以】【瞬】【间】【激】【发】【学】【生】【的】【学】【习】【积】【极】【性】【与】【能】【动】【性】【。】【对】【此】【,】【初】【中】【语】【文】【教】【师】【需】【要】【不】【断】【反】【思】【、】【总】【结】【,】【丰】【富】【评】【价】【语】【言】【的】【艺】【术】【性】【,】【以】【充】【分】【发】【挥】【语】【文】【课】【堂】【评】【价】【语】【言】【的】【功】【能】【与】【作】【用】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【3】【.】【课】【堂】【前】【做】【好】【充】【分】【准】【备】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【初】【中】【语】【文】【教】【师】【在】【备】【课】【的】【过】【程】【中】【,】【对】【评】【价】【语】【言】【的】【设】【计】【需】【要】【像】【相】【声】【与】【小】【品】【的】【编】【剧】【一】【样】【,】【在】【整】【个】【过】【程】【中】【埋】【下】【多】【个】【“】【包】【袱】【”】【,】【以】【达】【到】【画】【龙】【点】【睛】【的】【效】【果】【。】【因】【此】【,】【在】【课】【堂】【设】【计】【时】【,】【教】【师】【需】【要】【以】【教】【学】【内】【容】【为】【中】【心】【,】【针】【对】【学】【生】【的】【实】【际】【水】【平】【及】【教】【学】【过】【程】【中】【可】【能】【出】【现】【的】【问】【题】【及】【表】【现】【,】【在】【适】【当】【的】【时】【候】【加】【入】【评】【价】【语】【言】【,】【如】【此】【可】【以】【做】【到】【胸】【有】【成】【竹】【,】【对】【评】【价】【语】【言】【运】【用】【地】【得】【心】【应】【手】【、】【游】【刃】【有】【余】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【4】【.】【敢】【于】【做】【到】【指】【正】【、】【批】【评】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【语】【文】【课】【堂】【评】【价】【语】【言】【的】【运】【用】【既】【要】【鼓】【励】【、】【激】【励】【学】【生】【,】【同】【时】【又】【不】【能】【偏】【离】【评】【价】【语】【言】【运】【用】【的】【最】【终】【目】【的】【。】【当】【学】【生】【在】【课】【堂】【中】【出】【现】【有】【所】【偏】【差】【的】【见】【解】【与】【表】【现】【时】【,】【教】【师】【需】【要】【及】【时】【作】【出】【指】【正】【与】【批】【评】【,】【当】【学】【生】【的】【见】【解】【不】【够】【完】【整】【时】【,】【教】【师】【需】【要】【不】【厌】【其】【烦】【地】【加】【以】【点】【拨】【,】【当】【学】【生】【的】【见】【解】【出】【现】【错】【误】【时】【,】【教】【师】【需】【要】【不】【加】【袒】【护】【地】【加】【以】【引】【导】【。】【然】【而】【需】【要】【注】【意】【的】【是】【,】【说】【话】【的】【语】【气】【与】【内】【容】【需】【要】【尽】【可】【能】【的】【易】【于】【学】【生】【接】【受】【,】【如】【此】【可】【以】【有】【效】【提】【高】【评】【价】【语】【言】【的】【应】【用】【效】【果】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【三】【、】【结】【论】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【作】【为】【初】【中】【语】【文】【课】【程】【教】【学】【的】【重】【要】【内】【容】【,】【教】【师】【的】【评】【价】【语】【言】【对】【学】【生】【课】【堂】【的】【学】【习】【效】【果】【具】【有】【极】【大】【的】【促】【进】【作】【用】【,】【同】【时】【也】【是】【提】【高】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【质】【量】【、】【促】【进】【学】【生】【全】【面】【发】【展】【的】【重】【要】【手】【段】【,】【其】【重】【要】【性】【不】【言】【而】【喻】【。】【在】【初】【中】【语】【文】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【过】【程】【中】【,】【语】【文】【教】【师】【需】【要】【针】【对】【性】【的】【运】【用】【评】【价】【语】【言】【,】【以】【增】【强】【学】【生】【的】【自】【信】【,】【并】【活】【跃】【课】【堂】【气】【氛】【,】【使】【学】【生】【在】【宽】【松】【、】【愉】【悦】【的】【环】【境】【中】【享】【受】【到】【成】【功】【的】【喜】【悦】【,】【感】【受】【到】【语】【文】【学】【习】【的】【快】【乐】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【参】【考】【文】【献】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【[】【1】【]】【艾】【海】【提】【·】【亚】【库】【甫】【.】【信】【息】【技】【术】【的】【有】【效】【使】【用】【让】【高】【中】【语】【文】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【更】【精】【彩】【[】【J】【]】【.】【赤】【子】【(】【上】【中】【旬】【)】【,】【2】【0】【1】【5】【,】【1】【4】【:】【2】【6】【9】【.】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【[】【2】【]】【刘】【志】【伟】【.】【“】【活】【”】【字】【当】【头】【,】【精】【彩】【无】【限】【—】【—】【浅】【谈】【语】【文】【课】【堂】【的】【“】【活】【”】【[】【J】【]】【.】【科】【技】【资】【讯】【,】【2】【0】【1】【4】【,】【2】【8】【:】【1】【7】【4】【-】【1】【7】【5】【.】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【[】【3】【]】【黄】【国】【栋】【.】【把】【握】【分】【寸】【 】【讲】【究】【方】【法】【—】【—】【对】【初】【中】【语】【文】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【评】【价】【语】【言】【的】【剖】【析】【[】【J】【]】【.】【语】【文】【天】【地】【,】【2】【0】【1】【4】【,】【0】【8】【:】【2】【8】【-】【2】【9】【.】太原装修设计【孩】【子】【永】【远】【分】【不】【清】【玩】【笑】【与】【取】【笑】【,】【在】【这】【样】【的】【一】【场】【争】【吵】【中】【我】【和】【达】【达】【相】【识】【,】【就】【这】【样】【我】【们】【开】【始】【一】【起】【旅】【行】【,】【从】【龙】【、】【牛】【,】【到】【小】【雪】【人】【,】【到】【僵】【尸】【,】【到】【狗】【,】【再】【到】【海】【盗】【、】【鬼】【王】【,】【直】【到】【现】【在】【闹】【钟】【,】【我】【们】【的】【旅】【行】【还】【在】【继】【续】【…】【…】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【小】【瓶】【盖】【:】【达】【达】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【达】【 】【 】【达】【:】【嗯】【?】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【小】【瓶】【盖】【:】【不】【要】【留】【下】【我】【一】【个】【人】【离】【开】【冒】【险】【,】【偷】【偷】【跑】【掉】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【达】【 】【 】【达】【:】【不】【会】【,】【我】【不】【会】【偷】【偷】【跑】【掉】【。】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【小】【瓶】【盖】【:】【那】【我】【们】【打】【勾】【勾】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【达】【 】【 】【达】【:】【嗯】【!】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【达】【 】【 】【达】【:】【小】【瓶】【盖】【,】【对】【不】【起】【,】【我】【要】【离】【开】【这】【里】【去】【外】【面】【工】【作】【了】【。】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【小】【瓶】【盖】【:】【骗】【人】【,】【你】【给】【我】【打】【过】【勾】【勾】【了】【,】【不】【会】【偷】【偷】【跑】【走】【!】【你】【骗】【人】【,】【我】【讨】【厌】【你】【!】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【达】【 】【 】【达】【:】【你】【不】【用】【害】【怕】【,】【我】【跟】【妖】【精】【玛】【丽】【祈】【祷】【,】【请】【他】【把】【你】【变】【的】【更】【勇】【敢】【,】【以】【后】【你】【一】【个】【人】【也】【不】【必】【害】【怕】【。】【以】【后】【你】【不】【要】【再】【随】【便】【生】【气】【,】【每】【次】【怕】【别】【人】【发】【现】【你】【在】【害】【怕】【,】【就】【先】【生】【气】【,】【你】【为】【什】【么】【老】【是】【带】【着】【黑】【的】【眼】【镜】【,】【这】【样】【就】【看】【不】【到】【你】【的】【眼】【睛】【了】【。】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【小】【瓶】【盖】【:】【因】【为】【看】【到】【难】【过】【的】【事】【情】【会】【哭】【,】【把】【眼】【睛】【遮】【起】【来】【就】【看】【不】【到】【眼】【睛】【了】【,】【这】【样】【你】【就】【看】【不】【到】【我】【哭】【的】【样】【子】【了】【。】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【达】【 】【 】【达】【:】【小】【瓶】【盖】【,】【如】【果】【以】【后】【有】【人】【笑】【你】【的】【话】【,】【你】【就】【把】【头】【台】【高】【高】【,】【勇】【敢】【地】【看】【回】【去】【,】【这】【样】【他】【们】【就】【知】【道】【你】【不】【怕】【,】【以】【后】【他】【们】【就】【不】【敢】【笑】【你】【了】【,】【你】【可】【以】【的】【,】【你】【不】【要】【哭】【,】【哭】【的】【话】【,】【你】【就】【看】【不】【到】【彩】【虹】【有】【多】【美】【丽】【,】【还】【有】【蝴】【蝶】【、】【花】【。】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【小】【瓶】【盖】【:】【你】【不】【在】【,】【我】【不】【要】【一】【个】【人】【看】【彩】【虹】【看】【蝴】【蝶】【,】【它】【们】【怎】【么】【看】【都】【看】【不】【漂】【亮】【。】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【达】【 】【 】【达】【:】【说】【不】【定】【我】【去】【工】【作】【的】【地】【方】【也】【有】【冒】【险】【岛】【玩】【哦】【。】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【小】【瓶】【盖】【:】【真】【的】【,】【那】【你】【会】【回】【来】【找】【我】【了】【对】【不】【对】【?】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【达】【 】【 】【达】【:】【嗯】【!】【一】【定】【会】【!】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【达】【 】【 】【达】【:】【我】【送】【你】【一】【只】【小】【鹿】【,】【让】【它】【陪】【你】【看】【彩】【虹】【看】【蝴】【蝶】【,】【只】【要】【你】【不】【害】【怕】【,】【勇】【敢】【地】【往】【前】【看】【,】【总】【有】【一】【天】【我】【会】【回】【来】【找】【你】【,】【所】【以】【在】【我】【找】【到】【你】【以】【前】【,】【你】【都】【要】【勇】【敢】【的】【,】【就】【算】【遇】【到】【难】【过】【的】【事】【,】【相】【信】【会】【变】【快】【乐】【。】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【小】【瓶】【盖】【:】【我】【要】【把】【达】【达】【小】【鹿】【当】【做】【你】【跟】【我】【在】【一】【起】【,】【你】【一】【定】【要】【找】【到】【我】【哦】【,】【一】【定】【喔】【。】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【达】【 】【 】【达】【:】【嗯】【!】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【小】【瓶】【盖】【:】【勾】【手】【指】【,】【盖】【手】【印】【!】【我】【会】【很】【勇】【敢】【地】【等】【你】【回】【来】【,】【等】【你】【回】【来】【的】【时】【候】【,】【你】【就】【知】【道】【我】【有】【多】【勇】【敢】【了】【。】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【没】【有】【达】【达】【的】【日】【子】【,】【我】【一】【个】【人】【玩】【、】【一】【个】【人】【上】【Q】【、】【一】【个】【人】【逛】【市】【场】【、】【一】【个】【人】【呆】【在】【我】【们】【约】【定】【的】【家】【里】【等】【达】【达】【、】【一】【个】【人】【哭】【,】【阳】【光】【的】【温】【度】【温】【暖】【不】【了】【没】【有】【达】【达】【的】【冒】【险】【岛】【,】【天】【上】【的】【烟】【花】【璀】【灿】【不】【了】【没】【有】【达】【达】【的】【生】【活】【。】

【芦】【苇】【上】【的】【露】【珠】【不】【偏】【不】【倚】【的】【滴】【在】【了】【一】【条】【未】【苏】【醒】【的】【金】【鱼】【身】【上】【,】【惊】【吓】【后】【的】【鱼】【抖】【了】【抖】【身】【子】【,】【溅】【起】【一】【点】【水】【花】【。】【而】【就】【在】【这】【时】【,】【一】【直】【还】【窝】【在】【鸟】【巢】【里】【的】【雏】【鸟】【十】【分】【不】【听】【话】【的】【叫】【了】【一】【声】【。】【这】【一】【声】【鸣】【叫】【就】【像】【一】【根】【火】【柴】【划】【破】【了】【毫】【不】【附】【有】【气】【息】【的】【,】【黑】【色】【的】【夜】【空】【。】【但】【紧】【接】【着】【,】【一】【片】【幸】【运】【的】【树】【叶】【上】【竟】【落】【下】【了】【一】【片】【金】【色】【的】【瓣】【,】【就】【好】【似】【上】【帝】【赐】【给】【的】【奖】【章】【,】【好】【不】【有】【风】【韵】【!】【可】【爱】【的】【树】【梢】【上】【,】【渐】【渐】【露】【出】【了】【太】【阳】【的】【影】【子】【,】【洒】【过】【折】【要】【未】【挺】【的】【青】【草】【,】【平】【坦】【的】【湖】【水】【,】【这】【湖】【,】【在】【映】【上】【太】【阳】【的】【第】【一】【缕】【光】【后】【竟】【泛】【起】【了】【波】【粼】【,】【一】【条】【金】【色】【的】【地】【毯】【将】【每】【一】【处】【角】【落】【都】【铺】【上】【了】【金】【辉】【。】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【森】【林】【深】【处】【,】【住】【着】【一】【位】【可】【爱】【的】【农】【家】【女】【孩】【,】【她】【那】【清】【秀】【略】【红】【的】【脸】【颊】【毫】【不】【保】【留】【的】【显】【示】【出】【了】【她】【的】【不】【成】【熟】【。】【淡】【薄】【的】【红】【唇】【经】【常】【会】【碰】【上】【大】【自】【然】【碧】【绿】【的】【孔】【。】【轻】【轻】【挽】【起】【裙】【摆】【,】【俯】【身】【摸】【了】【摸】【亲】【爱】【的】【牧】【羊】【犬】【,】【忠】【诚】【的】【伴】【侣】【知】【道】【什】【么】【是】【主】【人】【引】【以】【为】【豪】【。】【缭】【长】【的】【飞】【毛】【腿】【轻】【轻】【一】【跃】【,】【叼】【来】【了】【她】【用】【青】【竹】【做】【的】【脆】【箫】【,】【乖】【巧】【的】【舔】【了】【舔】【那】【散】【发】【着】【清】【香】【的】【纤】【手】【。】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【远】【方】【亲】【爱】【的】【哥】【哥】【今】【天】【就】【要】【归】【属】【,】【三】【千】【多】【个】【日】【日】【夜】【夜】【,】【何】【时】【不】【曾】【眷】【念】【?】【只】【想】【赶】【快】【见】【到】【他】【,】【听】【听】【我】【对】【他】【的】【思】【念】【之】【情】【。】【田】【美】【的】【小】【嘴】【贴】【上】【了】【箫】【孔】【,】【纤】【长】【的】【细】【手】【在】【几】【个】【零】【乱】【有】【序】【的】【按】【空】【间】【飞】【扬】【。】【箫】【声】【绵】【绵】【,】【箫】【丝】【连】【连】【。】【在】【第】【一】【个】【被】【封】【闭】【的】【琴】【孔】【后】【,】【忽】【悠】【忽】【悠】【的】【传】【出】【了】【一】【声】【连】【串】【的】【音】【符】【。】【鸟】【儿】【只】【是】【不】【服】【气】【,】【何】【曾】【想】【过】【,】【这】【宛】【曲】【来】【自】【一】【支】【年】【轻】【的】【竹】【子】【。】【它】【只】【是】【不】【服】【气】【,】【于】【是】【,】【就】【接】【二】【连】【三】【的】【来】【了】【。】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【姑】【娘】【的】【心】【情】【彻】【底】【的】【变】【成】【一】【片】【草】【原】【,】【响】【彻】【的】【鸣】【声】【彻】【底】【的】【撕】【裂】【每】【一】【寸】【阳】【光】【,】【变】【得】【毫】【无】【保】【留】【。】【美】【妙】【总】【是】【能】【融】【为】【一】【体】【。】【不】【知】【情】【的】【鸟】【,】【你】【怎】【能】【赛】【过】【它】【呢】【?】【只】【是】【,】【你】【太】【单】【纯】【,】【太】【可】【爱】【了】【。】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【箫】【声】【绵】【绵】【,】【箫】【思】【悠】【悠】【,】【亲】【爱】【的】【哥】【哥】【就】【在】【不】【远】【处】【。】太原装修设计【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【摘】【 】【要】【:】【电】【工】【电】【子】【技】【术】【课】【是】【工】【科】【类】【技】【工】【学】【校】【的】【基】【础】【课】【程】【,】【随】【着】【科】【技】【的】【发】【展】【,】【电】【工】【、】【电】【子】【技】【术】【作】【为】【一】【门】【新】【兴】【技】【术】【也】【迅】【速】【发】【展】【起】【来】【,】【并】【且】【它】【还】【可】【以】【与】【其】【他】【学】【科】【进】【行】【有】【机】【融】【合】【,】【从】【而】【促】【进】【其】【他】【学】【科】【的】【发】【展】【。】【但】【是】【在】【实】【际】【的】【过】【程】【中】【我】【们】【也】【发】【现】【这】【门】【课】【程】【的】【教】【学】【质】【量】【不】【高】【,】【如】【何】【提】【高】【这】【一】【课】【程】【的】【教】【学】【质】【量】【也】【是】【很】【多】【老】【师】【关】【注】【的】【焦】【点】【,】【本】【文】【拟】【通】【过】【分】【析】【现】【今】【的】【电】【工】【电】【子】【技】【术】【课】【程】【的】【教】【学】【情】【况】【,】【结】【合】【实】【际】【,】【提】【出】【可】【行】【性】【建】【议】【,】【以】【期】【能】【够】【促】【进】【电】【工】【电】【子】【技】【术】【课】【程】【教】【学】【的】【提】【高】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【关】【键】【词】【:】【电】【工】【电】【子】【技】【术】【;】【教】【学】【质】【量】【;】【有】【效】【途】【径】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【当】【今】【社】【会】【,】【信】【息】【技】【术】【已】【经】【贯】【穿】【于】【整】【个】【时】【代】【发】【展】【阶】【段】【,】【而】【电】【工】【电】【子】【信】【息】【技】【术】【作】【为】【依】【托】【于】【信】【息】【技】【术】【的】【一】【门】【专】【业】【性】【的】【工】【科】【基】【础】【,】【其】【实】【用】【性】【也】【被】【越】【来】【越】【多】【的】【学】【者】【所】【关】【注】【,】【很】【多】【工】【科】【类】【技】【工】【学】【校】【都】【纷】【纷】【开】【设】【这】【门】【课】【程】【来】【吸】【引】【学】【生】【资】【源】【,】【但】【是】【在】【实】【际】【的】【教】【学】【中】【,】【却】【存】【在】【教】【学】【质】【量】【良】【莠】【不】【齐】【。】【针】【对】【这】【一】【情】【况】【,】【我】【们】【通】【过】【调】【查】【发】【现】【,】【主】【要】【是】【存】【在】【以】【下】【几】【个】【问】【题】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【.】【老】【师】【的】【专】【业】【技】【能】【不】【够】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【由】【于】【很】【多】【技】【工】【学】【校】【缺】【乏】【教】【师】【资】【源】【,】【尤】【其】【是】【一】【些】【信】【息】【技】【术】【相】【关】【的】【专】【业】【技】【能】【教】【师】【更】【是】【寥】【寥】【无】【几】【,】【因】【此】【导】【致】【很】【多】【教】【授】【这】【门】【课】【程】【的】【老】【师】【的】【缺】【乏】【专】【业】【技】【能】【或】【者】【技】【能】【不】【高】【,】【学】【生】【所】【能】【获】【取】【的】【知】【识】【有】【限】【,】【很】【难】【转】【化】【为】【真】【实】【技】【能】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【2】【.】【实】【践】【与】【理】【论】【脱】【节】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【很】【多】【学】【校】【对】【于】【电】【工】【电】【子】【技】【术】【的】【学】【习】【定】【位】【仍】【然】【是】【理】【论】【优】【先】【,】【实】【践】【则】【处】【在】【一】【个】【从】【属】【的】【地】【位】【,】【这】【其】【实】【是】【忽】【视】【了】【这】【一】【门】【技】【术】【的】【实】【际】【意】【义】【,】【我】【们】【的】【学】【习】【就】【是】【为】【了】【能】【够】【在】【实】【践】【中】【进】【行】【运】【用】【,】【脱】【离】【实】【践】【的】【学】【习】【就】【是】【与】【社】【会】【脱】【节】【,】【将】【会】【为】【社】【会】【所】【淘】【汰】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【3】【.】【师】【生】【位】【置】【的】【颠】【倒】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【现】【在】【很】【多】【教】【师】【的】【教】【学】【方】【式】【依】【旧】【是】【教】【师】【为】【主】【,】【学】【生】【充】【当】【的】【只】【是】【听】【从】【者】【的】【角】【色】【。】【学】【生】【与】【老】【师】【之】【间】【缺】【乏】【有】【效】【的】【沟】【通】【,】【老】【师】【不】【能】【够】【及】【时】【地】【了】【解】【学】【生】【的】【问】【题】【和】【想】【法】【,】【这】【就】【导】【致】【了】【学】【生】【学】【习】【的】【懈】【怠】【和】【消】【极】【,】【教】【学】【目】【标】【无】【法】【实】【现】【,】【教】【育】【质】【量】【比】【较】【差】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【面】【对】【这】【些】【情】【况】【,】【我】【们】【不】【应】【该】【听】【之】【任】【之】【,】【而】【应】【该】【结】【合】【当】【前】【的】【教】【学】【实】【际】【情】【况】【,】【通】【过】【相】【互】【之】【间】【的】【信】【息】【交】【流】【和】【讨】【论】【,】【寻】【求】【到】【有】【效】【途】【径】【来】【改】【善】【当】【前】【的】【情】【况】【,】【从】【而】【促】【进】【电】【工】【电】【子】【技】【术】【课】【教】【学】【质】【量】【的】【提】【高】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【一】【、】【提】【高】【学】【生】【的】【学】【习】【兴】【趣】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【新】【课】【标】【中】【重】【要】【的】【一】【条】【理】【念】【就】【是】【兴】【趣】【学】【习】【,】【我】【们】【只】【有】【激】【发】【了】【学】【生】【的】【学】【习】【兴】【趣】【,】【才】【能】【够】【在】【共】【同】【学】【习】【、】【兴】【趣】【学】【习】【、】【自】【主】【学】【习】【等】【学】【习】【方】【式】【上】【实】【现】【突】【破】【,】【因】【此】【在】【实】【际】【的】【电】【工】【电】【子】【技】【术】【课】【堂】【上】【,】【老】【师】【应】【该】【通】【过】【一】【些】【提】【问】【,】【讨】【论】【的】【方】【式】【来】【发】【现】【学】【生】【学】【习】【的】【兴】【趣】【点】【所】【在】【,】【例】【如】【很】【多】【学】【生】【对】【于】【采】【取】【多】【媒】【体】【教】【学】【很】【感】【兴】【趣】【,】【那】【么】【老】【师】【在】【授】【课】【时】【就】【可】【以】【利】【用】【多】【媒】【体】【来】【制】【作】【教】【学】【课】【件】【和】【采】【用】【一】【些】【视】【频】【等】【方】【法】【吸】【引】【学】【生】【注】【意】【力】【,】【这】【种】【多】【种】【软】【件】【的】【应】【用】【不】【仅】【可】【以】【使】【课】【堂】【变】【得】【生】【动】【,】【形】【成】【良】【好】【的】【课】【堂】【氛】【围】【,】【还】【能】【调】【动】【学】【生】【学】【习】【积】【极】【性】【,】【让】【他】【们】【由】【之】【前】【的】【被】【动】【学】【习】【变】【为】【主】【动】【学】【习】【,】【独】【立】【学】【习】【,】【开】【拓】【了】【学】【习】【思】【路】【,】【提】【高】【了】【学】【习】【质】【量】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【二】【、】【开】【展】【新】【型】【教】【学】【模】【式】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【传】【统】【的】【机】【械】【的】【教】【学】【模】【式】【,】【教】【师】【一】【般】【都】【是】【照】【本】【宣】【科】【的】【讲】【授】【,】【对】【于】【知】【识】【的】【解】【析】【也】【都】【是】【较】【为】【抽】【象】【的】【描】【述】【,】【学】【生】【很】【难】【直】【观】【地】【从】【教】【学】【中】【理】【解】【复】【杂】【的】【信】【息】【技】【术】【设】【计】【,】【也】【难】【以】【实】【现】【知】【识】【系】【统】【的】【构】【建】【,】【自】【然】【学】【习】【效】【率】【低】【,】【所】【以】【教】【师】【应】【该】【结】【合】【现】【今】【教】【育】【发】【展】【的】【新】【形】【势】【,】【开】【展】【新】【型】【教】【学】【模】【式】【,】【比】【如】【现】【在】【应】【用】【广】【泛】【的】【情】【境】【教】【学】【,】【情】【境】【教】【学】【就】【是】【在】【实】【际】【的】【教】【学】【过】【程】【中】【,】【创】【设】【出】【或】【者】【引】【出】【一】【些】【与】【课】【程】【相】【关】【的】【案】【例】【,】【以】【此】【来】【给】【予】【学】【生】【真】【实】【的】【体】【验】【,】【由】【于】【电】【子】【电】【工】【技】【术】【是】【一】【门】【应】【用】【型】【技】【术】【,】【单】【纯】【的】【理】【论】【知】【识】【不】【能】【代】【替】【真】【正】【的】【技】【术】【能】【力】【,】【因】【此】【在】【教】【学】【中】【应】【该】【引】【进】【一】【些】【企】【业】【的】【真】【实】【案】【例】【,】【并】【让】【学】【生】【通】【过】【模】【拟】【实】【验】【操】【作】【,】【将】【所】【学】【的】【知】【识】【应】【用】【于】【实】【践】【,】【及】【时】【发】【现】【知】【识】【储】【备】【上】【的】【不】【足】【,】【带】【给】【学】【生】【新】【鲜】【感】【,】【给】【予】【他】【们】【新】【的】【体】【验】【,】【从】【而】【顺】【利】【实】【现】【教】【学】【任】【务】【,】【提】【高】【教】【学】【质】【量】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【三】【、】【创】【造】【有】【效】【互】【动】【机】【制】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【长】【期】【以】【来】【,】【学】【生】【和】【老】【师】【的】【角】【色】【问】【题】【一】【直】【为】【大】【家】【所】【关】【注】【,】【传】【统】【电】【工】【电】【子】【技】【术】【教】【学】【中】【,】【教】【师】【发】【挥】【着】【绝】【对】【主】【导】【作】【用】【,】【并】【独】【立】【完】【成】【教】【案】【的】【编】【写】【,】【教】【学】【方】【式】【的】【选】【择】【、】【教】【学】【方】【法】【的】【设】【计】【。】【而】【学】【生】【在】【整】【个】【教】【学】【过】【程】【中】【充】【当】【的】【就】【是】【聆】【听】【者】【和】【被】【教】【育】【者】【的】【角】【色】【,】【无】【法】【积】【极】【地】【表】【达】【自】【己】【的】【看】【法】【与】【建】【议】【,】【因】【此】【我】【们】【应】【该】【创】【造】【有】【效】【的】【互】【动】【机】【制】【,】【在】【这】【种】【机】【制】【下】【,】【学】【生】【作】【为】【整】【个】【教】【学】【活】【动】【的】【参】【与】【者】【,】【成】【为】【了】【教】【学】【活】【动】【中】【的】【中】【心】【,】【老】【师】【可】【以】【在】【课】【程】【设】【计】【时】【,】【通】【过】【各】【种】【渠】【道】【征】【询】【学】【生】【的】【意】【见】【,】【并】【将】【学】【生】【的】【想】【法】【有】【机】【融】【合】【进】【自】【己】【的】【教】【学】【任】【务】【中】【,】【在】【课】【堂】【上】【,】【可】【以】【采】【取】【兴】【趣】【小】【组】【讨】【论】【,】【提】【问】【,】【等】【多】【种】【方】【式】【使】【老】【师】【与】【学】【生】【之】【间】【、】【学】【生】【与】【学】【生】【之】【间】【进】【行】【良】【好】【的】【互】【动】【,】【通】【过】【互】【动】【,】【掌】【握】【最】【真】【实】【,】【可】【靠】【地】【学】【生】【需】【求】【和】【学】【习】【情】【况】【,】【并】【将】【这】【些】【反】【馈】【及】【时】【地】【进】【行】【分】【析】【和】【处】【理】【,】【提】【出】【新】【的】【教】【学】【方】【案】【来】【满】【足】【学】【生】【的】【不】【同】【需】【求】【,】【真】【正】【提】【高】【教】【学】【质】【量】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【此】【外】【,】【我】【们】【还】【可】【以】【根】【据】【电】【工】【电】【子】【技】【术】【的】【课】【程】【特】【点】【进】【行】【分】【层】【教】【学】【,】【根】【据】【难】【易】【程】【度】【和】【应】【用】【范】【围】【进】【行】【合】【理】【分】【层】【,】【这】【样】【不】【仅】【可】【以】【便】【于】【老】【师】【梳】【理】【专】【业】【知】【识】【,】【还】【可】【以】【针】【对】【每】【一】【个】【学】【生】【进】【行】【差】【别】【教】【学】【,】【从】【而】【满】【足】【每】【一】【个】【人】【的】【学】【习】【能】【力】【和】【学】【习】【需】【求】【的】【平】【衡】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【在】【实】【际】【的】【教】【学】【中】【,】【我】【们】【应】【该】【清】【楚】【地】【认】【识】【到】【,】【电】【工】【电】【子】【技】【术】【的】【教】【学】【应】【该】【是】【建】【立】【在】【实】【践】【基】【础】【上】【的】【教】【学】【,】【切】【勿】【盲】【目】【追】【求】【理】【论】【知】【识】【的】【高】【,】【精】【,】【尖】【。】【同】【时】【也】【应】【该】【把】【学】【生】【放】【在】【教】【学】【的】【首】【要】【位】【置】【,】【在】【课】【堂】【中】【与】【他】【们】【开】【展】【有】【效】【的】【互】【动】【,】【并】【开】【展】【各】【种】【教】【学】【新】【模】【式】【来】【提】【高】【他】【们】【的】【学】【习】【兴】【趣】【,】【从】【而】【提】【高】【教】【学】【质】【量】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【参】【考】【文】【献】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【[】【1】【]】【李】【小】【燕】【,】【毕】【锐】【,】【“】【电】【工】【电】【子】【技】【术】【”】【课】【程】【理】【论】【与】【实】【践】【教】【学】【方】【法】【探】【讨】【[】【J】【]】【,】【中】【国】【电】【力】【教】【育】【,】【2】【0】【0】【9】【.】【1】【0】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【[】【2】【]】【封】【百】【涛】【,】【胡】【承】【忠】【,】【多】【媒】【体】【技】【术】【在】【【】【电】【工】【电】【子】【技】【术】【】】【课】【程】【教】【学】【中】【的】【应】【用】【[】【J】【]】【,】【科】【技】【信】【息】【(】【学】【术】【研】【究】【)】【,】【2】【0】【0】【8】【.】【3】【5】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【宋】【绍】【斌】【简】【历】【:】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【9】【8】【3】【.】【9】【—】【1】【9】【8】【6】【.】【7】【,】【新】【疆】【阿】【勒】【泰】【地】【区】【师】【范】【学】【校】【上】【中】【专】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【9】【8】【6】【.】【9】【—】【1】【9】【9】【0】【.】【7】【,】【新】【疆】【富】【蕴】【县】【二】【小】【任】【教】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【9】【9】【0】【.】【9】【—】【1】【9】【9】【6】【.】【7】【,】【新】【疆】【富】【蕴】【县】【二】【中】【任】【教】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【9】【9】【6】【.】【7】【—】【2】【0】【0】【3】【.】【7】【,】【新】【疆】【富】【蕴】【县】【二】【中】【任】【校】【长】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【2】【0】【0】【3】【.】【8】【—】【2】【0】【0】【9】【.】【1】【,】【新】【疆】【富】【蕴】【县】【教】【育】【局】【副】【局】【长】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【2】【0】【0】【9】【.】【2】【—】【2】【0】【1】【5】【,】【富】【蕴】【县】【职】【业】【高】【中】【副】【校】【长】

太原装修设计:已成"汉奸"!

【清】【澈】【的】【水】【从】【手】【缝】【中】【溜】【走】【。】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【沾】【湿】【了】【手】【,】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【心】【也】【随】【之】【被】【这】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【清】【澈】【的】【水】【沾】【湿】【。】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【幸】【福】【,】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【在】【手】【中】【徜】【徉】【。】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【清】【风】【明】【月】【中】【,】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【皎】【洁】【的】【月】【光】【落】【在】【手】【上】【,】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【清】【凉】【的】【风】【滑】【过】【指】【间】【,】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【月】【白】【风】【清】【,】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【心】【也】【随】【之】【柔】【和】【。】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【幸】【福】【,】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【在】【手】【中】【安】【笑】【。】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【落】【叶】【纷】【纷】【至】【,】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【枯】【黄】【的】【蝴】【蝶】【翅】【膀】【从】【掌】【心】【拂】【过】【。】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【在】【我】【手】【上】【留】【下】【了】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【它】【的】【痕】【迹】【,】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【同】【时】【也】【在】【我】【心】【上】【也】【留】【下】【了】【。】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【幸】【福】【,】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【在】【手】【中】【洋】【溢】【。】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【白】【雪】【无】【声】【来】【,】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【纯】【洁】【的】【雪】【花】【在】【手】【中】【消】【逝】【。】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【却】【永】【远】【不】【会】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【在】【我】【心】【中】【消】【逝】【,】【隐】【退】【。】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【幸】【福】【,】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【绝】【不】【会】【在】【冬】【天】【睡】【着】【,】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【 】【因】【为】【她】【在】【我】【手】【中】【,】【被】【我】【攥】【得】【很】【紧】【,】【很】【紧】【…】【…】太原装修设计【孩】【子】【永】【远】【分】【不】【清】【玩】【笑】【与】【取】【笑】【,】【在】【这】【样】【的】【一】【场】【争】【吵】【中】【我】【和】【达】【达】【相】【识】【,】【就】【这】【样】【我】【们】【开】【始】【一】【起】【旅】【行】【,】【从】【龙】【、】【牛】【,】【到】【小】【雪】【人】【,】【到】【僵】【尸】【,】【到】【狗】【,】【再】【到】【海】【盗】【、】【鬼】【王】【,】【直】【到】【现】【在】【闹】【钟】【,】【我】【们】【的】【旅】【行】【还】【在】【继】【续】【…】【…】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【小】【瓶】【盖】【:】【达】【达】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【达】【 】【 】【达】【:】【嗯】【?】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【小】【瓶】【盖】【:】【不】【要】【留】【下】【我】【一】【个】【人】【离】【开】【冒】【险】【,】【偷】【偷】【跑】【掉】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【达】【 】【 】【达】【:】【不】【会】【,】【我】【不】【会】【偷】【偷】【跑】【掉】【。】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【小】【瓶】【盖】【:】【那】【我】【们】【打】【勾】【勾】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【达】【 】【 】【达】【:】【嗯】【!】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【达】【 】【 】【达】【:】【小】【瓶】【盖】【,】【对】【不】【起】【,】【我】【要】【离】【开】【这】【里】【去】【外】【面】【工】【作】【了】【。】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【小】【瓶】【盖】【:】【骗】【人】【,】【你】【给】【我】【打】【过】【勾】【勾】【了】【,】【不】【会】【偷】【偷】【跑】【走】【!】【你】【骗】【人】【,】【我】【讨】【厌】【你】【!】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【达】【 】【 】【达】【:】【你】【不】【用】【害】【怕】【,】【我】【跟】【妖】【精】【玛】【丽】【祈】【祷】【,】【请】【他】【把】【你】【变】【的】【更】【勇】【敢】【,】【以】【后】【你】【一】【个】【人】【也】【不】【必】【害】【怕】【。】【以】【后】【你】【不】【要】【再】【随】【便】【生】【气】【,】【每】【次】【怕】【别】【人】【发】【现】【你】【在】【害】【怕】【,】【就】【先】【生】【气】【,】【你】【为】【什】【么】【老】【是】【带】【着】【黑】【的】【眼】【镜】【,】【这】【样】【就】【看】【不】【到】【你】【的】【眼】【睛】【了】【。】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【小】【瓶】【盖】【:】【因】【为】【看】【到】【难】【过】【的】【事】【情】【会】【哭】【,】【把】【眼】【睛】【遮】【起】【来】【就】【看】【不】【到】【眼】【睛】【了】【,】【这】【样】【你】【就】【看】【不】【到】【我】【哭】【的】【样】【子】【了】【。】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【达】【 】【 】【达】【:】【小】【瓶】【盖】【,】【如】【果】【以】【后】【有】【人】【笑】【你】【的】【话】【,】【你】【就】【把】【头】【台】【高】【高】【,】【勇】【敢】【地】【看】【回】【去】【,】【这】【样】【他】【们】【就】【知】【道】【你】【不】【怕】【,】【以】【后】【他】【们】【就】【不】【敢】【笑】【你】【了】【,】【你】【可】【以】【的】【,】【你】【不】【要】【哭】【,】【哭】【的】【话】【,】【你】【就】【看】【不】【到】【彩】【虹】【有】【多】【美】【丽】【,】【还】【有】【蝴】【蝶】【、】【花】【。】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【小】【瓶】【盖】【:】【你】【不】【在】【,】【我】【不】【要】【一】【个】【人】【看】【彩】【虹】【看】【蝴】【蝶】【,】【它】【们】【怎】【么】【看】【都】【看】【不】【漂】【亮】【。】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【达】【 】【 】【达】【:】【说】【不】【定】【我】【去】【工】【作】【的】【地】【方】【也】【有】【冒】【险】【岛】【玩】【哦】【。】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【小】【瓶】【盖】【:】【真】【的】【,】【那】【你】【会】【回】【来】【找】【我】【了】【对】【不】【对】【?】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【达】【 】【 】【达】【:】【嗯】【!】【一】【定】【会】【!】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【达】【 】【 】【达】【:】【我】【送】【你】【一】【只】【小】【鹿】【,】【让】【它】【陪】【你】【看】【彩】【虹】【看】【蝴】【蝶】【,】【只】【要】【你】【不】【害】【怕】【,】【勇】【敢】【地】【往】【前】【看】【,】【总】【有】【一】【天】【我】【会】【回】【来】【找】【你】【,】【所】【以】【在】【我】【找】【到】【你】【以】【前】【,】【你】【都】【要】【勇】【敢】【的】【,】【就】【算】【遇】【到】【难】【过】【的】【事】【,】【相】【信】【会】【变】【快】【乐】【。】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【小】【瓶】【盖】【:】【我】【要】【把】【达】【达】【小】【鹿】【当】【做】【你】【跟】【我】【在】【一】【起】【,】【你】【一】【定】【要】【找】【到】【我】【哦】【,】【一】【定】【喔】【。】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【达】【 】【 】【达】【:】【嗯】【!】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【小】【瓶】【盖】【:】【勾】【手】【指】【,】【盖】【手】【印】【!】【我】【会】【很】【勇】【敢】【地】【等】【你】【回】【来】【,】【等】【你】【回】【来】【的】【时】【候】【,】【你】【就】【知】【道】【我】【有】【多】【勇】【敢】【了】【。】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【没】【有】【达】【达】【的】【日】【子】【,】【我】【一】【个】【人】【玩】【、】【一】【个】【人】【上】【Q】【、】【一】【个】【人】【逛】【市】【场】【、】【一】【个】【人】【呆】【在】【我】【们】【约】【定】【的】【家】【里】【等】【达】【达】【、】【一】【个】【人】【哭】【,】【阳】【光】【的】【温】【度】【温】【暖】【不】【了】【没】【有】【达】【达】【的】【冒】【险】【岛】【,】【天】【上】【的】【烟】【花】【璀】【灿】【不】【了】【没】【有】【达】【达】【的】【生】【活】【。】

太原装修设计:二战德国的扫雷机

【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【摘】【 】【要】【:】【中】【国】【的】【课】【堂】【从】【古】【至】【今】【都】【是】【一】【种】【形】【式】【,】【几】【十】【个】【学】【生】【坐】【在】【下】【面】【,】【认】【真】【地】【听】【老】【师】【讲】【解】【,】【在】【这】【个】【过】【程】【中】【追】【求】【有】【效】【的】【课】【堂】【变】【成】【了】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【一】【直】【追】【求】【的】【方】【向】【,】【让】【课】【堂】【在】【有】【有】【效】【中】【走】【进】【高】【效】【,】【我】【们】【努】【力】【的】【行】【进】【在】【这】【样】【的】【教】【育】【追】【求】【中】【。】【本】【文】【从】【三】【方】【面】【来】【进】【一】【步】【论】【述】【如】【何】【进】【行】【有】【效】【教】【学】【,】【提】【高】【教】【学】【效】【率】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【关】【键】【词】【:】【有】【效】【教】【学】【;】【学】【校】【教】【育】【;】【专】【业】【能】【力】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【中】【国】【的】【课】【堂】【从】【古】【至】【今】【都】【是】【一】【种】【形】【式】【,】【几】【十】【个】【学】【生】【坐】【在】【下】【面】【,】【认】【真】【地】【听】【老】【师】【讲】【解】【,】【在】【这】【个】【过】【程】【中】【追】【求】【有】【效】【的】【课】【堂】【变】【成】【了】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【一】【直】【追】【求】【的】【方】【向】【,】【让】【课】【堂】【在】【有】【有】【效】【中】【走】【进】【高】【效】【,】【我】【们】【努】【力】【的】【行】【进】【在】【这】【样】【的】【教】【育】【追】【求】【中】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【一】【、】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【有】【效】【性】【定】【义】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【的】【有】【效】【性】【是】【指】【课】【堂】【的】【结】【果】【与】【预】【期】【相】【吻】【合】【,】【是】【在】【一】【定】【的】【教】【学】【时】【间】【内】【,】【在】【实】【现】【基】【本】【教】【学】【目】【标】【的】【基】【础】【上】【,】【达】【到】【教】【学】【理】【念】【、】【方】【法】【、】【内】【容】【、】【交】【往】【、】【过】【程】【等】【的】【有】【效】【性】【,】【以】【较】【小】【的】【投】【入】【获】【取】【较】【大】【的】【效】【益】【,】【促】【进】【学】【生】【最】【优】【化】【的】【发】【展】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【二】【、】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【有】【效】【性】【的】【评】【定】【标】【准】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【7】【 】【世】【纪】【,】【夸】【美】【纽】【斯】【在】【他】【的】【《】【大】【教】【学】【论】【》】【中】【第】【一】【次】【提】【到】【了】【教】【育】【的】【效】【益】【问】【题】【,】【他】【关】【心】【的】【是】【用】【他】【的】【教】【学】【法】【和】【他】【主】【张】【的】【班】【级】【授】【课】【制】【度】【来】【实】【现】【“】【一】【个】【教】【师】【可】【以】【同】【时】【教】【很】【多】【学】【生】【”】【的】【期】【望】【。】【这】【可】【以】【说】【是】【课】【堂】【有】【效】【性】【的】【最】【早】【雏】【形】【。】【如】【今】【的】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【更】【注】【重】【在】【课】【堂】【的】【四】【十】【五】【分】【钟】【的】【时】【间】【内】【追】【求】【有】【效】【的】【课】【堂】【,】【让】【学】【生】【能】【够】【学】【得】【轻】【松】【,】【进】【而】【达】【到】【课】【堂】【的】【高】【效】【,】【尤】【其】【是】【对】【学】【生】【的】【思】【维】【力】【的】【训】【练】【在】【这】【样】【的】【教】【育】【追】【求】【下】【显】【得】【尤】【为】【重】【要】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【作】【为】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【有】【效】【性】【研】【究】【的】【一】【个】【结】【果】【,】【国】【外】【对】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【有】【效】【性】【标】【准】【的】【研】【究】【始】【于】【2】【0】【世】【纪】【上】【半】【叶】【。】【早】【期】【的】【研】【究】【主】【要】【是】【回】【答】【这】【样】【一】【个】【问】【题】【:】【什】【么】【样】【的】【教】【学】【时】【有】【效】【的】【教】【学】【?】【什】【么】【样】【的】【教】【师】【是】【有】【效】【教】【师】【?】【这】【时】【期】【的】【研】【究】【把】【焦】【点】【放】【在】【教】【师】【的】【人】【格】【因】【素】【上】【。】【紧】【接】【着】【,】【将】【研】【究】【的】【注】【意】【力】【放】【在】【了】【教】【师】【在】【可】【养】【教】【学】【中】【可】【能】【做】【些】【什】【么】【上】【。】【但】【是】【就】【这】【些】【研】【究】【而】【言】【,】【“】【只】【是】【将】【教】【师】【特】【征】【与】【教】【育】【结】【果】【机】【械】【项】【链】【,】【而】【几】【乎】【忽】【视】【了】【课】【堂】【实】【际】【。】【”】【然】【而】【就】【是】【这】【样】【的】【研】【究】【为】【后】【来】【的】【深】【入】【探】【讨】【奠】【定】【了】【坚】【实】【的】【基】【础】【,】【而】【且】【自】【此】【之】【后】【,】【所】【有】【的】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【有】【效】【性】【研】【究】【都】【绕】【不】【开】【教】【师】【特】【征】【这】【一】【因】【素】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【6】【0】【、】【7】【0】【年】【代】【,】【研】【究】【扩】【展】【到】【整】【个】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【活】【动】【,】【而】【不】【是】【单】【一】【的】【教】【师】【因】【素】【,】【主】【要】【关】【注】【学】【生】【的】【学】【习】【、】【交】【往】【与】【沟】【通】【、】【教】【师】【的】【教】【学】【策】【略】【和】【学】【生】【的】【学】【习】【策】【略】【。】【随】【后】【的】【研】【究】【又】【将】【教】【学】【环】【境】【、】【教】【学】【媒】【体】【考】【虑】【其】【中】【。】【基】【于】【这】【些】【研】【究】【,】【英】【美】【等】【国】【家】【制】【定】【了】【一】【系】【列】【的】【专】【业】【性】【的】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【有】【效】【性】【标】【准】【。】【其】【中】【英】【格】【兰】【和】【威】【尔】【士】【“】【教】【育】【与】【就】【业】【部】【”】【为】【教】【师】【职】【职】【前】【教】【育】【制】【定】【了】【8】【0】【0】【多】【条】【标】【准】【,】【包】【括】【:】【知】【识】【与】【理】【解】【;】【计】【划】【、】【教】【学】【和】【课】【堂】【管】【理】【;】【监】【控】【、】【评】【估】【、】【记】【录】【与】【责】【问】【;】【其】【他】【专】【业】【要】【求】【。】【这】【种】【标】【准】【是】【较】【为】【严】【谨】【和】【强】【制】【性】【的】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【相】【较】【于】【国】【外】【的】【研】【究】【,】【国】【内】【研】【究】【稍】【有】【差】【距】【:】【主】【要】【以】【提】【高】【教】【学】【效】【率】【,】【减】【轻】【学】【生】【过】【重】【的】【课】【业】【负】【担】【为】【切】【入】【点】【;】【翻】【译】【和】【介】【绍】【国】【外】【的】【理】【论】【较】【多】【,】【自】【己】【的】【创】【新】【甚】【少】【;】【超】【越】【教】【学】【技】【能】【,】【提】【倡】【教】【学】【策】【略】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【三】【、】【影】【响】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【有】【效】【性】【的】【因】【素】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【(】【一】【)】【教】【师】【是】【影】【响】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【有】【效】【性】【的】【重】【要】【因】【素】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【教】【师】【这】【个】【职】【业】【是】【一】【个】【极】【其】【特】【殊】【的】【职】【业】【,】【也】【是】【对】【人】【要】【求】【最】【高】【的】【职】【业】【,】【面】【对】【无】【数】【双】【求】【知】【的】【眼】【睛】【,】【教】【师】【的】【一】【言】【堂】【已】【经】【过】【时】【,】【我】【们】【要】【充】【分】【的】【了】【解】【每】【个】【孩】【子】【,】【包】【括】【的】【知】【识】【基】【础】【和】【接】【受】【问】【题】【的】【能】【力】【,】【甚】【至】【包】【括】【他】【们】【的】【性】【格】【特】【征】【和】【行】【为】【习】【惯】【等】【等】【,】【教】【师】【都】【要】【非】【常】【熟】【悉】【,】【这】【样】【才】【能】【够】【因】【材】【施】【教】【,】【因】【此】【教】【师】【在】【促】【进】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【有】【效】【性】【的】【进】【程】【中】【有】【着】【至】【关】【重】【要】【的】【作】【用】【。】【范】【国】【睿】【先】【生】【将】【教】【师】【的】【专】【业】【能】【力】【归】【为】【以】【下】【几】【类】【:】【1】【.】【教】【育】【教】【学】【能】【力】【;】【2】【.】【参】【与】【时】【代】【的】【意】【识】【与】【能】【力】【;】【3】【.】【促】【进】【学】【生】【发】【展】【的】【意】【识】【与】【能】【力】【;】【4】【.】【自】【我】【反】【思】【、】【自】【觉】【研】【究】【以】【及】【促】【进】【自】【身】【专】【业】【发】【展】【的】【意】【识】【与】【能】【力】【。】【可】【见】【,】【做】【一】【个】【合】【格】【的】【教】【师】【并】【不】【是】【一】【件】【容】【易】【的】【事】【情】【,】【如】【果】【只】【靠】【师】【范】【大】【学】【学】【习】【的】【那】【些】【知】【识】【是】【远】【远】【不】【够】【的】【,】【教】【师】【还】【应】【该】【有】【着】【非】【常】【强】【的】【学】【习】【力】【,】【一】【种】【综】【合】【的】【教】【育】【能】【力】【,】【如】【果】【教】【师】【不】【学】【习】【,】【只】【靠】【自】【己】【在】【大】【学】【的】【学】【习】【和】【教】【育】【的】【经】【验】【,】【每】【天】【都】【重】【复】【一】【样】【的】【教】【育】【,】【这】【样】【是】【不】【会】【取】【得】【好】【的】【教】【育】【效】【果】【的】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【教】【师】【的】【教】【育】【观】【念】【直】【接】【影】【响】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【有】【效】【性】【的】【大】【小】【;】【教】【师】【的】【思】【想】【政】【治】【道】【德】【水】【平】【即】【“】【师】【德】【”】【是】【影】【响】【教】【师】【角】【色】【的】【核】【心】【,】【正】【所】【谓】【“】【亲】【其】【师】【而】【信】【其】【道】【”】【,】【如】【何】【让】【“】【亲】【其】【师】【”】【?】【前】【提】【需】【要】【教】【师】【有】【高】【尚】【的】【“】【师】【德】【”】【;】【教】【师】【的】【智】【力】【、】【科】【学】【文】【化】【水】【平】【、】【教】【学】【能】【力】【和】【心】【态】【对】【于】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【有】【效】【性】【的】【影】【响】【不】【言】【而】【喻】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【(】【二】【)】【学】【生】【决】【定】【教】【学】【行】【为】【是】【否】【成】【功】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【皮】【亚】【杰】【的】【认】【知】【发】【展】【阶】【段】【说】【把】【儿】【童】【的】【心】【理】【发】【展】【分】【为】【:】【感】【知】【运】【动】【阶】【段】【、】【前】【运】【算】【阶】【段】【、】【具】【体】【运】【算】【阶】【段】【和】【形】【式】【运】【算】【阶】【段】【。】【在】【各】【阶】【段】【,】【学】【生】【的】【心】【理】【特】【征】【、】【个】【性】【都】【存】【在】【着】【差】【异】【。】【因】【此】【在】【教】【学】【中】【必】【须】【要】【根】【据】【学】【生】【的】【个】【性】【,】【做】【到】【因】【材】【施】【教】【。】【学】【生】【的】【学】【习】【策】【略】【是】【学】【生】【在】【学】【习】【过】【程】【中】【有】【效】【学】【习】【的】【程】【序】【、】【规】【则】【、】【方】【法】【、】【技】【巧】【及】【控】【制】【方】【式】【,】【掌】【握】【了】【这】【些】【才】【能】【使】【学】【生】【成】【为】【独】【立】【的】【、】【自】【主】【的】【、】【高】【效】【的】【学】【习】【者】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【(】【三】【)】【教】【学】【内】【容】【的】【有】【效】【性】【是】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【有】【效】【性】【的】【重】【要】【保】【障】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【9】【世】【纪】【,】【英】【国】【的】【哲】【学】【家】【和】【教】【育】【家】【斯】【宾】【塞】【提】【出】【了】【“】【什】【么】【只】【是】【最】【有】【价】【值】【”】【的】【问】【题】【,】【并】【给】【予】【的】【解】【答】【:】【“】【为】【完】【满】【生】【活】【做】【准】【备】【”】【的】【知】【识】【是】【最】【有】【价】【值】【的】【。】【而】【在】【如】【今】【知】【识】【大】【爆】【炸】【的】【时】【代】【,】【就】【存】【在】【这】【样】【的】【问】【题】【:】【生】【命】【的】【有】【限】【性】【和】【知】【识】【的】【无】【限】【性】【之】【间】【的】【矛】【盾】【。】【我】【国】【古】【代】【先】【哲】【早】【就】【有】【远】【见】【地】【提】【出】【:】【“】【授】【人】【以】【鱼】【不】【如】【授】【人】【以】【渔】【”】【,】【因】【此】【传】【授】【方】【法】【比】【传】【授】【事】【实】【更】【加】【重】【要】【。】【教】【学】【内】【容】【的】【多】【少】【也】【对】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【有】【效】【性】【有】【着】【影】【响】【,】【现】【今】【教】【师】【总】【觉】【得】【教】【得】【越】【多】【,】【学】【生】【学】【得】【越】【多】【。】【其】【实】【不】【然】【,】【教】【学】【内】【容】【要】【符】【合】【学】【生】【的】【认】【知】【水】【平】【。】【教】【学】【内】【容】【的】【多】【少】【也】【要】【符】【合】【学】【生】【的】【接】【受】【水】【平】【。】【教】【学】【内】【容】【的】【呈】【现】【方】【式】【是】【复】【杂】【多】【样】【的】【,】【不】【可】【单】【一】【,】【如】【果】【单】【一】【没】【有】【变】【化】【反】【而】【会】【制】【约】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【的】【有】【效】【性】【发】【展】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【当】【然】【,】【良】【好】【的】【教】【学】【环】【境】【也】【是】【不】【可】【忽】【视】【的】【,】【教】【师】【首】【先】【要】【做】【一】【个】【思】【考】【者】【,】【在】【自】【己】【的】【学】【习】【过】【程】【中】【逐】【渐】【的】【思】【考】【什】【么】【是】【最】【适】【合】【学】【生】【的】【教】【育】【,】【并】【且】【在】【自】【己】【时】【间】【的】【过】【程】【中】【不】【断】【的】【修】【真】【自】【己】【的】【教】【育】【教】【学】【行】【为】【,】【这】【就】【要】【求】【教】【师】【要】【有】【极】【强】【的】【学】【习】【力】【和】【反】【思】【里】【,】【只】【有】【教】【师】【心】【中】【有】【着】【对】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【的】【思】【考】【,】【只】【有】【在】【共】【同】【关】【注】【这】【些】【综】【合】【因】【素】【的】【前】【提】【之】【下】【才】【会】【真】【正】【促】【进】【课】【堂】【教】【学】【的】【有】【效】【性】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【参】【考】【文】【献】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【[】【1】【]】【高】【文】【.】【《】【现】【代】【教】【学】【的】【模】【式】【化】【研】【究】【》】【,】【山】【东】【教】【学】【出】【版】【社】【,】【2】【0】【0】【0】【.】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【[】【2】【]】【叶】【澜】【等】【.】【《】【教】【师】【角】【色】【与】【教】【师】【发】【展】【新】【探】【》】【,】【教】【育】【科】【学】【出】【版】【社】【,】【2】【0】【0】【1】【.】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【[】【3】【]】【范】【国】【睿】【.】【《】【学】【校】【管】【理】【的】【理】【论】【与】【务】【实】【》】【,】【华】【东】【师】【范】【大】【学】【出】【版】【社】【,】【2】【0】【0】【2】【.】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【[】【4】【]】【肖】【川】【.】【《】【教】【师】【的】【幸】【福】【人】【生】【与】【专】【业】【成】【长】【》】【,】【新】【华】【出】【版】【社】【,】【2】【0】【0】【8】【.】

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